Hanif Kureishi, CBE (born 5 December 1954) is a British playwright, screenwriter, filmmaker and novelist of Pakistani and English descent. In 2008, The Times included Kureishi in its list of The 50 greatest British writers since 1945.
|Born||5 December 1954|
Bromley, South London, England
|Occupation||Playwright, screenwriter, novelist, film director|
|Alma mater||King's College London|
|Literary movement||Postcolonial literature|
Kureishi was born in Bromley, South London to a Pakistani father, Rafiushan (Shanoo) Kureishi, and an English mother, Audrey Buss. His father was from a wealthy Madras family, most of whose members moved to Pakistan after the Partition of British India in 1947. Rafiushan came to the UK in 1950 to study law but due to financial reasons he worked at the Pakistani embassy instead. Here he met his wife-to-be, Buss. He wanted to be a writer but his ambitions were frustrated. The couple were married, the family settled in Bromley where Kureishi was born. In an interview, Kureishi notes:
My [paternal] grandfather, an army doctor, was a colonel in the Indian army. Big family. Servants. Tennis court. Cricket. Everything. My father went to the Cathedral School that Salman Rushdie went to. Later, in Pakistan, my family were close to the Bhuttos. My uncle Omar was a newspaper columnist and the manager of the Pakistan cricket team...My grandfather, the colonel, was terrifying. A hard-living, hard-drinking gambler. Womanising. Around him it was like The Godfather. They drank and they gossiped. The women would come and go.
Hanif Kureishi attended Bromley Technical High School and studied for A-levels at Bromley College of Technology. While at this college, he was elected as student union president (1972) and some of the characters from his semi-autobiographical work The Buddha of Suburbia are from this period. He went on to spend a year studying philosophy at Lancaster University, then withdrew. Later he attended King's College London and earned a degree in philosophy.
Kureishi started his career in the 1970s as a pornography writer, under the pseudonyms Antonia French and Karim. He went on to write plays for the Hampstead Theatre, Soho Poly, and by the age of 18, was with the Royal Court. He wrote My Beautiful Laundrette in 1985, a screenplay about a gay Pakistani-British boy growing up in 1980s London for a film directed by Stephen Frears. The screenplay, especially the racial discrimination experienced, contained elements from Hanif's experiences as the only Pakistani student in his class at school. It won the New York City Film Critics Best Screenplay Award and an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay. He also wrote the screenplay for Sammy and Rosie Get Laid (1987). His book The Buddha of Suburbia (1990) won the Whitbread Award for the best first novel and was made into a BBC television series with a soundtrack by David Bowie. 1991 saw the release of the feature film titled London Kills Me, written and directed by Kureishi.
His novel Intimacy (1998) revolved around the story of a man leaving his wife and two young sons after feeling physically and emotionally rejected by his wife. This created some controversy as Kureishi recently had left his own partner (the editor and producer Tracey Scoffield) and two young sons; it was assumed to be at least semi-autobiographical. In 2000/2001, the novel was adapted into the film Intimacy by Patrice Chéreau, which won two Bears at the Berlin Film Festival: a Golden Bear for Best Film and a Silver Bear for Best Actress (Kerry Fox). It was controversial for its explicit sex scenes. The book was translated into Persian by Niki Karimi in 2005.
Kureishi's drama The Mother was adapted to a movie by Roger Michell, which won a joint First Prize in the Director’s Fortnight section at Cannes Film Festival. It showed a cross-generational relationship with changed roles: a 70-year-old English lady and grandmother (played by Anne Reid) who seduces her daughter's boyfriend (played by Daniel Craig), a 30-year-old craftsman. Explicit sex scenes were shown in realistic drawings only, thus avoiding censorship. He wrote the 2006 screenplay Venus, and for his performance in this movie, Peter O'Toole received Oscar, BAFTA, Screen Actors Guild, Broadcast Film Critics Association and Golden Globe nominations in the best actor category.
A novel titled Something to Tell You was published in 2008. His 1995 novel The Black Album, adapted for the theatre, was performed at the National Theatre in July and August 2009. In May 2011, he was awarded the second Asia House Literature Award on the closing night of the Asia House Literary Festival where he discussed his Collected Essays (Faber).
Kureishi has written non-fiction, including autobiography. As noted by Cathy Galvin in The Telegraph: "But at the core of his life, as described in his memoir My Ear at His Heart is Kureishi’s relationship with his father, Rafiushan, who died in 1991."
Kureishi has twin boys (from his relationship with film producer Tracey Scoffield) and a younger son. Kureishi currently lives in West London. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2008 New Year Honours. In 2013, Kureishi lost his life savings, intended to cover "the ups and downs of being a writer", in a suspected fraud. Although he acknowledges his father's Pakistani roots (originating in Madras, in British India, present-day Chennai, India), he rarely visits Pakistan. Upon a 2012 visit sponsored by the British Council, he acknowledged that it was his first trip to Pakistan in 20 years.
Kureishi's family have accused him of exploiting them with thinly disguised references in his work; Kureishi has denied the claims. His sister Yasmin has accused him of selling her family "down the line". She wrote, in a letter to The Guardian, that if her family's history had to become public, she would not stand by and let it be "fabricated for the entertainment of the public or for Hanif's profit". She says that his description of her family's working-class roots are fictitious. Their grandfather was not "cloth cap working class", their mother never worked in a shoe factory, and their father, she says, was not a bitter old man. Yasmin takes issues with her brother for his thinly disguised autobiographical references in his first novel The Buddha of Suburbia as well as for the image of his own past that he portrays in newspaper interviews. She wrote: "My father was angry when The Buddha of Suburbia came out as he felt that Hanif had robbed him of his dignity, and he didn't speak to Hanif for about a year." Kureishi and his father did not speak for many months during the controversy. There was further furor with the publication of Intimacy as the story was assumed to be autobiographical.
In 2013, Kureishi was appointed as a professor in the creative writing department at Kingston University in London, where he was a writer in residence. However, at The Independent Bath Literature Festival, 2 March 2014, he stated that creative writing courses were a "waste of time" and commented that 99.9% of his students were talentless. In 2014, the British Library announced that it would be acquiring the archive of Kureishi's documents spanning 40 years of his writing life. The body of work will include diaries, notebooks and drafts.
Major influences on Kureishi's writing include P.G. Wodehouse and Philip Roth. Kureishi's uncle was the writer, columnist and Pakistani cricket commentator and team manager Omar Kureishi. The poet Maki Kureishi was his aunt.
Awards and honours
- 1980 Thames Television Playwright Award, The Mother Country
- 1981 George Devine Award, Outskirts
- 1986 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Screenplay for My Beautiful Laundrette
- 1986 Academy Award nomination for Best Screenplay for My Beautiful Laundrette
- 1990 Whitbread First Novel Award, The Buddha of Suburbia
- 2007 National Short Story Competition, shortlist for "Weddings and Beheadings"
- 2008 Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
- 2010 PEN/Pinter Prize
- 2013 Outstanding Achievement in the Arts at The Asian Awards.
- 1990 The Buddha of Suburbia, London: Faber and Faber
- 1995 The Black Album, London: Faber and Faber
- 1998 Intimacy, London: Faber and Faber
- 2001 Gabriel's Gift, London: Faber and Faber
- 2003 The Body, London: Faber and Faber
- 2008 Something to Tell You, London: Faber and Faber
- 2014 The Last Word, London: Faber and Faber
- 2017 The Nothing, London: Faber and Faber
- 2019 What Happened?, London: Faber and Faber
- 1997 Love in a Blue Time, London: Faber and Faber
- 1999 Midnight All Day, London: Faber and Faber
- 2019 "She Said, He Said", The New Yorker
Collection of stories and essays
Plays and screenplays
- 1980 The King and Me, London: Faber and Faber
- 1981 Outskirts, London: Faber and Faber
- 1981 Borderline, London: Faber and Faber
- 1983 Birds of Passage, London: Faber and Faber
- 1988 Sammy and Rosie Get Laid, London: Faber and Faber
- 1991 London Kills Me, London: Faber and Faber
- 1996 My Beautiful Laundrette and other writings, London: Faber and Faber
- 1997 My Son the Fanatic, London: Faber and Faber
- 1999 Hanif Kureishi Plays One, London: Faber and Faber
- 1999 Sleep with Me, London: Faber and Faber
- 2002 Collected Screenplays Volume I, London: Faber and Faber
- 2003 The Mother, London: Faber and Faber
- 2004 When The Night Begins, London: Faber and Faber
- 2007 Venus, London: Faber and Faber
- 2009 The Black Album (adapted from the novel), London: Faber and Faber
- 2002 Dreaming and Scheming: Reflections on Writing and Politics
- 2004 My Ear at His Heart, London: Faber and Faber
- 2005 The Word and the Bomb , London: Faber and Faber
- 2014 A Theft: My Con Man , London: Faber and Faber
- 1995 The Faber Book of Pop. London: Faber and Faber
- 1985 My Beautiful Laundrette
- 1987 Sammy and Rosie Get Laid
- 1991 London Kills Me (and director)
- 1993 The Buddha of Suburbia (television miniseries, based on the novel)
- 1997 My Son the Fanatic (based on his own short story of the same title)
- 1999 Mauvaise passe (aka The Escort, aka The Wrong Blonde) (with Michel Blanc)
- 2003 The God of Small Tales (short) (with Akram Khan)
- 2003 The Mother (adapted from the play)
- 2006 Venus
- 2007 Weddings and Beheadings (2007)
- 2013 Le Week-End
Story basis only
- 2001 Intimacy
- 2006 Souvenir
- "Q&A with Hanif Kureishi", The Times Higher Educational Supplement, 14 November 2013.
- The 50 greatest British writers since 1945. 5 January 2008. The Times. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Robert McCrum, "Hanif Kureishi interview: 'Every 10 years you become someone else'", The Observer, 19 January 2014.
- Emily Ballou, "Whims of the father", The Australian, 15 November 2008.
- Creative media, Five on a bike. "Interview - Hanif Kureishi in conversation with Kenan Malik". youtube.com. You Tube. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Official website; accessed 14 January 2016.
- The New York Times, 10 August 2008.
- Interview with Hanif Kureishi, The Book Show, Episode 18, Sky Arts.
- Sharma, Surbhi (July 2012). Postcolonial Studies Website of English Department (ed.). "Kureishi, Hanif". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- Nahem Yousaf. Hanif Kureishi's The Buddha of Suburbia: a reader's guide, p. 8.
- Gow, April. "Asia House". Diplomat Magazine. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- Cathy Galvin, "Hanif Kureishi: the pariah of suburbia", The Telegraph, 13 December 2012.
- Law, Katie (3 June 2015). "I had to write about the theft — it was all that was left to me". The London Evening Standard.
- "Hanif Kureishi". Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
- Brignall, Miles; Jones, Rupert (3 May 2013). "Author Hanif Kureishi loses life savings to suspected fraud". The Guardian.
- Galvin, Cathy (13 December 2012). "Hanif Kureishi: the pariah of suburbia" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Author's Sister Writes Next Chapter in Kureishi Family Feud". Poets & Writers. 11 March 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- The Independent, 3 March 2014.
- "Hanif Kureishi – My Beautiful Film Career", British Library, 2014.
- Andreas Athanasiades, "Re-imagining Identity: Revisiting Hanif Kureishi’s My Beautiful Laundrette", University of Cyprus.
- B. J. Moore-Gilbert (2001). Hanif Kureishi. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-5535-5.
- "Winners at the Asian Awards". Bollyspice.com. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- Kureishi, Hanif (1 March 2011). Collected Essays. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0571249831.
- Robson, Leo (13 March 2011). "Collected Essays by Hanif Kureishi – review". The Guardian.
- Moore-Gilbert, Bart, Hanif Kureishi (Contemporary World Writers), Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001
- Ranasinha, Ruvani, Hanif Kureishi (Writers and Their Work), Devon: Northcote House Publishers Ltd, 2002
- Thomas, Susie (ed), Hanif Kureishi (Readers' Guides to Essential Criticism), Palgrave Macmillan, 2005
- Buchanan, Bradley, Hanif Kureishi (New British Fiction), Palgrave Macmillan, 2007
- Colin MacCabe and Hanif Kureishi, "Hanif Kureishi and London", AA Files, No. 49 (Spring 2003), pp. 40–49, published by: Architectural Association School of Architecture
- Kaleta, Kenneth C, Hanif Kureishi: Postcolonial Storyteller, University of Texas Press, 1998 ISBN 9780292743335