Harran

Ḥarrān, also known as Carrhae, was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is in the modern village of Harran, Turkey, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in the Harran district of Şanlıurfa Province.

Harran
حران
ܚܪܐܢ
Harran
Location of Harran in Turkey
Harran
Harran (Near East)
Coordinates: 36°52′39″N 39°02′02″E
Country Turkey
RegionSoutheastern Anatolia
ProvinceŞanlıurfa
Government
  MayorMahmut Özyavuz (MHP)
  KaymakamÖmer Faruk Çelik
Area
  District1,053.78 km2 (406.87 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
  Urban
7,375
  District
72,939
  District density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
63xxx
Area code(s)+(90)414
WebsiteŞanlıurfa Province Administrative District of Akçakale

The archaeological remains are in the ancient Harran, a major commercial, cultural, science and religious center first inhabited in the Chalcolithic Age (6th millennium BCE). The city was called Hellenopolis (Ancient Greek: Ἑλληνόπολις meaning "Greek city") in the Early Christian period. It is mentioned, in Movses Khorenatsi's and Mikayel Chamchian's History of Armenia, as being under the authority of prince Sanadroug, the sovereignty of which he assigned to Queen Helena of Adiabene.[3][4]