Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau (/ˈmɑːrtənˌ/; 12 June 1802 – 27 June 1876) was an English social theorist often seen as the first female sociologist.[1] She wrote from a sociological, holistic, religious and feminine angle, translated works by Auguste Comte, and rarely for a woman writer at the time, earned enough to support herself.[2] The young Princess Victoria enjoyed her work and invited her to her 1838 coronation.[3][4] Martineau advised "a focus on all [society's] aspects, including key political, religious, and social institutions". She applied thorough analysis to women's status under men. The novelist Margaret Oliphant called her "a born lecturer and politician... less distinctively affected by her sex than perhaps any other, male or female, of her generation."[2]

Harriet Martineau
Harriet Martineau by Richard Evans
(1834 or before)
Born(1802-06-12)12 June 1802
Norwich, Norfolk, England
Died27 June 1876(1876-06-27) (aged 74)
Burial placeKey Hill Cemetery
Political partyWhig
RelativesJames Martineau (brother)
Peter Finch Martineau (uncle)
Thomas Michael Greenhow (brother-in-law)
Writing career
Notable worksIllustrations of Political Economy (1834)
Society in America (1837)
Deerbrook (1839)
The Hour and the Man (1839)