Hatra

Hatra was an ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia located in present-day eastern Nineveh Governorate in northern Iraq. The city lies 290 km (180 mi) northwest of Baghdad and 110 km (68 mi) southwest of Mosul.

Hatra
الحضر
The ruins of Hatra circa 1988
Shown within Iraq
Hatra (Near East)
Hatra (West and Central Asia)
Alternative nameal-Ḥaḍr
LocationHatra District, Nineveh Governorate, Iraq
RegionMesopotamia
Coordinates35°35′17″N 42°43′6″E
TypeSettlement, temple
Area300 ha (740 acres)
History
Founded3rd or 2nd century BC
Abandoned241 AD
CulturesArab, Mesopotamian, Parthian
Satellite ofParthian Empire
Site notes
ConditionRuins
Public accessInaccessible (in a war zone)
Official nameHatra
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iii, iv, vi
Designated1985 (9th session)
Reference no.277
RegionArab States

Hatra was a strongly fortified caravan city and capital of the small Arab Kingdom of Hatra, located between the Roman and Parthian/Persian empires. Hatra flourished in the 2nd century, and was destroyed and deserted in the 3rd century. Its impressive ruins were discovered in the 19th century.[1]