Hauts-de-Seine


Hauts-de-Seine (French: [o.də.sɛn] (listen); lit.'Seine Heights') is a department in the Île-de-France region of Northern France. It covers Paris's western inner suburbs. With a population of 1,603,268 (as of 2016) and a total area of 176 square kilometres (68 square miles), it is the second most highly densely populated department of France after Paris. Its prefecture is Nanterre although Boulogne-Billancourt, one of its two subprefectures alongside Antony, has a larger population.

Hauts-de-Seine
From top down, left to right: a view of Boulogne-Billancourt from the Parc de Saint-Cloud, Meudon site of the Paris Observatory, the Château de Sceaux, lake in Rueil-Malmaison, La Défense seen from La Garenne-Colombes
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N 02°12′E
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
PrefectureNanterre
SubprefecturesAntony
Boulogne-
Billancourt
Government
  President of the Departmental CouncilGeorges Siffredi (LR)
Area
  Total176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,603,268
  Rank5th
  Density9,100/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number92
Arrondissements3
Cantons23
Communes36
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Hauts-de-Seine is best known for containing the modern office, cinema and shopping complex La Défense, one of Grand Paris's main economic centres and one of Europe's major business districts. Hauts-de-Seine is one of the wealthiest department in France; it has the highest GDP per capita at €104,000 in 2016.[1] Its inhabitants are called Altoséquanais in French.

History


The Hauts-de-Seine department was created in 1968, from parts of the former departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise. Its creation reflected the implementation of a law passed in 1964; Nanterre had already been selected as the prefecture for the new department early in 1965.

In 2016, the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine voted in favour of a fusion of Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines, its western neighbour. Following a similar vote in Yvelines, an établissement public interdépartemental was established. The fusion will proceed if voters in both departments return a favourable majority of councillors in the 2021 elections.[2] The name Seine-et-Oise (department abolished in 1968) has been discussed for a new department.

Demographics


Population development since 1881

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1881254,928    
1891332,076+2.68%
1901467,391+3.48%
1911614,862+2.78%
1921724,261+1.65%
1931949,231+2.74%
19361,019,627+1.44%
1946992,859−0.27%
19541,118,020+1.50%
19621,381,805+2.68%
19681,461,619+0.94%
19751,438,930−0.22%
19821,387,039−0.52%
19901,391,658+0.04%
19991,428,881+0.29%
20061,536,100+1.04%
20111,581,268+0.58%
20161,603,268+0.28%
source:[3]

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Hauts-de-Seine in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
80.6% 19.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.5% 3.5% 3.8% 10.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Geography


Situation

Hauts-de-Seine and two other small departments (Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne) form an inner ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne (literal translation: "Little Crown"). Together with the City of Paris, they are included in the Grand Paris since 1 January 2016.

Administration

Hauts-de-Seine comprises three departmental arrondissements and 36 communes:

Map number Name Area (km2) Population Coat of arms Arrondissement Map Labelled map
1 Antony 9.56 62,570 Antony
2 Châtenay-Malabry 6.38 33,286
3 Sceaux 3.6 19,344
4 Bourg-la-Reine 1.86 20,667
5 Bagneux 4.19 40,918
6 Fontenay-aux-Roses 2.51 24,564
7 Le Plessis-Robinson 3.43 29,100
8 Clamart 8.77 52,971
9 Châtillon 2.92 37,355
10 Montrouge 2.07 50,260
11 Malakoff 2.07 30,720
12 Vanves 1.56 27,729
13 Issy-les-Moulineaux 4.25 68,451 Boulogne-Billancourt
14 Boulogne-Billancourt 6.17 120,071
15 Meudon 9.9 45,352
16 Sèvres 3.91 23,507
17 Chaville 3.55 20,520
18 Ville-d'Avray 3.67 11,453
19 Saint-Cloud 7.56 29,973
20 Marnes-la-Coquette 3.48 1,810
21 Vaucresson 3.08 8,667
22 Garches 2.69 17,869 Nanterre
23 Rueil-Malmaison 14.7 78,152
24 Suresnes 3.79 48,264
25 Puteaux 3.19 44,645
26 Nanterre 12.19 95,105
27 Colombes 7.81 85,177
28 La Garenne-Colombes 1.78 29,169
29 Bois-Colombes 1.92 28,239
30 Courbevoie 4.17 81,719
31 Neuilly-sur-Seine 3.73 60,361
32 Levallois-Perret 2.41 64,379
33 Clichy 3.08 61,070
34 Asnières-sur-Seine 4.82 85,191
35 Gennevilliers 11.64 46,907
36 Villeneuve-la-Garenne 3.2 23,771

Economy


Hauts-de-Seine is one of France's wealthiest departments and one of Europe's richest areas. Its GDP per capita was €104,000 in 2016, according to Eurostat official figures.[1]

Politics


In the 1990s and early 2000s, Hauts-de-Seine received national media attention as the result of a corruption scandal concerning the misuse of public funds provided for the department's housing projects. Implicated were former minister and departmental council president Charles Pasqua, as well as other personalities of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) party.

Hauts-de-Seine was the political base of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012. He was Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine (1983–2002) and President of the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine (2004–2007) before he assumed the office. Sarkozy succeeded Pasqua as President of the Departmental Council.[4]

Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine

Hauts-de-Seine is governed by a departmental council. Its 46 members are called departmental councillors. The electorate of Hauts-de-Seine usually votes for right-wing parties; there has never been a left-wing majority since the department's inception in 1968.

The departmental council is the deliberative organ of the department. The executive is led by the council president, assisted by vice presidents, in charge of various portfolios. Departmental councillors are elected (two per canton) by the department's inhabitants for six-year terms (no term limits).

National representation

Hauts-de-Seine elected the following members of the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election:

Constituency Member[5] Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 1st constituency Elsa Faucillon French Communist Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 2nd constituency Adrien Taquet La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 3rd constituency Christine Hennion La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 4th constituency Isabelle Florennes La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 5th constituency Céline Calvez La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 6th constituency Constance Le Grip The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 7th constituency Jacques Marilossian La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 8th constituency Jacques Maire La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency Thierry Solère The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 10th constituency Gabriel Attal La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 11th constituency Laurianne Rossi La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 12th constituency Jean-Louis Bourlanges Democratic Movement
Hauts-de-Seine's 13th constituency Frédérique Dumas La République En Marche!

In the Senate, Hauts-de-Seine is represented by:

Tourism


References