Heckler & Koch G36

The Heckler & Koch G36 (Gewehr 36) is a 5.56×45mm assault rifle designed in the early 1990s by German company Heckler & Koch as a replacement for the heavier 7.62×51mm G3 battle rifle.[2] It was accepted into service with the Bundeswehr in 1997, replacing the G3.[3] Since then, it has also been a popular export, and the G36 has seen active service in military and police units in several countries, including Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The G36 is gas-operated and feeds from a 30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine.[2]

Heckler & Koch G36
Heckler & Koch G36 assault rifle
TypeAssault rifle
Carbine (G36C)
Squad automatic weapon (MG36)
Place of originGermany
Service history
In service1997–present
Used by40+ countries (see Users)
Production history
DesignerHeckler & Koch
ManufacturerHeckler & Koch
Santa Bárbara Sistemas
Military Industries Corporation
ProducedG36: 1996–present
G36K: 1997–present
G36C: 2001–present
No. built260,000+
VariantsSee Variants
MassG36: 3.63 kg (8.00 lb)
G36V: 3.33 kg (7.3 lb)
G36K: 3.30 kg (7.3 lb)
G36KV: 3.0 kg (6.6 lb)
G36C: 2.82 kg (6.2 lb)
MG36: 3.83 kg (8.4 lb)
MG36E: 3.50 kg (7.7 lb)
LengthG36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 999 mm (39.3 in) stock extended / 758 mm (29.8 in) stock folded
G36K, G36KV: 860 mm (33.9 in) stock extended / 615 mm (24.2 in) stock folded
G36C: 720 mm (28.3 in) stock extended / 500 mm (19.7 in) stock folded
Barrel lengthG36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 480 mm (18.9 in)
G36K, G36KV: 318 mm (12.5 in)
G36C: 228 mm (9.0 in)
Width64 mm (2.5 in)
HeightG36, G36K, MG36: 320 mm (12.6 in)
G36V, G36KV, MG36E: 285 mm (11.2 in)
G36C: 278 mm (10.9 in)

Cartridge5.56×45mm NATO
ActionShort-stroke piston, rotating bolt
Rate of fire750 rounds/min
Muzzle velocityG36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 920 m/s (3,018 ft/s)
G36K, G36KV: 850 m/s (2,788.7 ft/s)
G36C, G36CV: 722 m/s (2,368.8 ft/s)
Effective firing rangeG36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 800 metres (870 yd)
G36K, G36KV: 500 metres (550 yd)
G36C, G36CV: 200 metres (220 yd)
Maximum firing range2,860 metres (3,130 yd)
Feed system30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine
SightsReflex sight with 1× magnification, telescopic sight with 3× magnification (export version has a 1.5× magnified sight) and back-up fixed notch sight

In 2012, the G36 was found to suffer from severe accuracy problems when the weapon overheated, which prompted the search for a replacement.[4] In 2017, the Bundeswehr launched the System Sturmgewehr Bundeswehr, a program to find a replacement for the G36. The weapons put forth were the Heckler & Koch HK416, Heckler & Koch HK433, and the Haenel MK 556. Due to legal issues surrounding claims of Haenel engaging in patent infringement, the program has been put on hold, and the new replacement the HK416A8 was selected to become the new service rifle starting 2022.