Heidelberg

Heidelberg (German: [ˈhaɪdl̩bɛʁk] (listen)) is a university town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In the 2016 census, its population was 159,914, of which roughly a quarter consisted of students.[3]

Heidelberg
Heidelberg, with Heidelberg Castle
on the hill and the Old Bridge over the river Neckar
Location of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
Heidelberg
Coordinates: 49°25′N 08°43′E
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictUrban district
Government
  Lord mayor (201422) Eckart Würzner[1] (Ind.)
Area
  Total108.83 km2 (42.02 sq mi)
Elevation
114 m (374 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
  Total158,741
  Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
69115–69126
Dialling codes06221
Vehicle registrationHD
Websiteheidelberg.de

Located about 78 km (48 mi) south of Frankfurt, Heidelberg is the fifth-largest city in Baden-Württemberg. Heidelberg is part of the densely populated Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region.

Heidelberg University, founded in 1386, is Germany's oldest and one of Europe's most reputable universities.[4] Heidelberg is a scientific hub in Germany and home to several internationally renowned research facilities adjacent to its university, including the European Molecular Biology Laboratory and four Max Planck Institutes.[5] The city has also been a hub for the arts, especially literature, throughout the centuries, and it was designated a "City of Literature" by the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.

Heidelberg was a seat of government of the former Electorate of the Palatinate and is a popular tourist destination due to its romantic cityscape, including Heidelberg Castle, the Philosophers' Walk, and the Baroque old town.