Hekla

Hekla (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈhɛhkla] (listen)), or Hecla,[2][3] is a stratovolcano in the south of Iceland with a height of 1,491 m (4,892 ft). Hekla is one of Iceland's most active volcanoes; over 20 eruptions have occurred in and around the volcano since 874. During the Middle Ages, Europeans called the volcano the "Gateway to Hell".

Hekla
Hekla and Þjórsá
Highest point
Elevation1,488 m (4,882 ft)
Prominence755 m (2,477 ft) 
Coordinates63°59′32″N 19°39′57″W
Naming
English translationHooded
Language of nameIcelandic
Geography
Hekla
Iceland
Geology
Mountain typeActive fissure stratovolcano
Last eruptionFebruary to March 2000
Climbing
First ascentEggert Ólafsson, Bjarni Pálsson, 20 June 1750[1]

Hekla is part of a volcanic ridge, 40 km (25 mi) long. The most active part of this ridge, a fissure about 5.5 km (3.4 mi) long named Heklugjá [ˈhɛhklʏˌcauː], is considered to be within Hekla proper. Hekla looks rather like an overturned boat, with its keel being a series of craters, two of which are generally the most active.[4][5]

The volcano's frequent large eruptions have covered much of Iceland with tephra, and these layers can be used to date eruptions of Iceland's other volcanoes. Approximately 10% of the tephra created in Iceland in the last thousand years has come from Hekla, amounting to 5 km3. Cumulatively, the volcano has produced one of the largest volumes of lava of any in the world in the last millennium, around 8 km3.


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