Henry Billings Brown

Henry Billings Brown (March 2, 1836 – September 4, 1913) was an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 29 December 1890 to 28 May 1906. A respected lawyer and U.S. District Judge in Detroit, Michigan, before ascending to the high court, Brown authored hundreds of opinions in his 31 years as a federal judge, including the majority opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, which upheld the legality of racial segregation in public transportation and implicitly provided approval for the system of Jim Crow laws until Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

Henry Billings Brown
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
December 30, 1890  May 28, 1906[1]
Nominated byBenjamin Harrison
Preceded bySamuel Freeman Miller
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Moody
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
In office
March 19, 1875  December 29, 1890
Nominated byUlysses S. Grant
Preceded byJohn W. Longyear
Succeeded byHenry Harrison Swan
Personal details
BornMarch 2, 1836
Lee, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedSeptember 4, 1913 (aged 77)
Bronxville, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Caroline Pitts
(m. 1864; died 1901)

Josephine Tyler
(m. 1904)
EducationYale University (BA)
Harvard University
Signature