Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman GCB PC (7 September 1836  22 April 1908) was a British statesman and Liberal politician. He served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1905 to 1908 and Leader of the Liberal Party from 1899 to 1908. He also served as Secretary of State for War twice, in the Cabinets of Gladstone and Rosebery. He was the first First Lord of the Treasury to be officially called the "Prime Minister", the term only coming into official usage five days after he took office. He remains the only person to date to hold the positions of Prime Minister and Father of the House at the same time, and the last Liberal leader to gain a UK parliamentary majority.


Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Campbell-Bannerman in 1902
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
5 December 1905  3 April 1908
MonarchEdward VII
Preceded byArthur Balfour
Succeeded byH. H. Asquith
Leader of the Opposition
In office
6 February 1899  5 December 1905
MonarchVictoria
Edward VII
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Preceded bySir William Vernon Harcourt
Succeeded byArthur Balfour
Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
6 February 1899  22 April 1908
Preceded bySir William Vernon Harcourt
Succeeded byH. H. Asquith
Secretary of State for War
In office
18 August 1892  21 June 1895
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded byEdward Stanhope
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Lansdowne
In office
6 February 1886  20 July 1886
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Earl of Cranbrook
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Smith
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
23 October 1884  25 June 1885
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byGeorge Otto Trevelyan
Succeeded bySir William Hart Dyke
Financial Secretary to the War Office
In office
28 April 1880  13 May 1882
Preceded byRobert Loyd-Lindsay
Succeeded bySir Arthur Hayter
In office
15 November 1871  26 February 1874
Preceded byJohn Vivian
Succeeded by Frederick Stanley
Father of the House
In office
22 May 1907  22 April 1908
Preceded byGeorge Finch
Succeeded bySir John Kennaway
Member of Parliament
for Stirling Burghs
In office
17 November 1868  22 April 1908
Preceded byJohn Ramsay
Succeeded byArthur Ponsonby
Personal details
BornHenry Campbell
7 September 1836
Kelvinside House, Glasgow, Scotland
Died22 April 1908(1908-04-22) (aged 71)
10 Downing Street, London, England
Resting placeMeigle Parish Church, Perthshire
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)
(m. 1860; died 1906)
EducationUniversity of Glasgow
Trinity College, Cambridge
ProfessionMerchant
Signature

Known colloquially as "CB", he firmly believed in free trade, Irish Home Rule and the improvement of social conditions, including reduced working hours. A. J. A. Morris, in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, called him "Britain's first and only radical Prime Minister".[1] Following a general-election defeat in 1900, Campbell-Bannerman went on to lead the Liberal Party to a landslide victory over the Conservative Party at the 1906 general election - the last election in which the Liberals gained an overall majority in the House of Commons.[2] The government he subsequently led passed legislation to ensure trade unions could not be liable for damages incurred during strike action, introduced free school meals for all children, and empowered local authorities to purchase agricultural land from private landlords. Campbell-Bannerman resigned as Prime Minister in April 1908 due to ill-health and was replaced by his Chancellor, H. H. Asquith. He died 19 days later, (the only Prime Minister to die in the official residence, 10 Downing Street).[3][2]