Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne

Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, KG, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, PC (14 January 1845  3 June 1927) was a British statesman who served successively as Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. In 1917, during the First World War, he wrote the "Lansdowne Letter" advocating, in vain, a compromise peace. A millionaire, he has the distinction of having held senior positions in Liberal and Conservative Party governments.


The Marquess of Lansdowne

Minister without Portfolio
In office
25 May 1915  10 December 1916
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byMichael Hicks Beach
Succeeded byArthur Henderson
Leader of the House of Lords
In office
13 October 1903  4 December 1905
MonarchEdward VII
Prime MinisterArthur Balfour
Preceded byThe Duke of Devonshire
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Ripon
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
12 November 1900  4 December 1905
MonarchVictoria
Edward VII
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Preceded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded bySir Edward Grey
Secretary of State for War
In office
4 July 1895  12 November 1900
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byHenry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded bySt John Brodrick
Viceroy and Governor-General of India
In office
10 December 1888  11 October 1894
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byThe Earl of Dufferin
Succeeded byThe Earl of Elgin
5th Governor General of Canada
In office
23 October 1883  11 June 1888
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterCanadian: John A. Macdonald
British:
William Ewart Gladstone
The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byThe Marquess of Lorne
Succeeded byThe Lord Stanley of Preston
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
29 April 1880  1 September 1880
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byHon. Edward Stanhope
Succeeded byThe Viscount Enfield
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War
In office
25 April 1872  17 February 1874
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Lord Northbrook
Succeeded byThe Earl of Pembroke
Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
In office
16 December 1868  25 April 1872
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byLord Claud Hamilton
Succeeded byLord Frederick Cavendish
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
5 July 1866  3 June 1927
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byThe 4th Marquess of Lansdowne
Succeeded byThe 6th Marquess of Lansdowne
Personal details
Born
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice

(1845-01-14)14 January 1845
London, United Kingdom
Died3 June 1927(1927-06-03) (aged 82)
Clonmel, County Tipperary, Ireland
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal Unionist
Spouse(s)Lady Maud Hamilton
ChildrenEvelyn Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne
Lord Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice
Beatrix Beauclerk, Duchess of St Albans
ParentsHenry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 4th Marquess of Lansdowne
Emily, 8th Lady Nairne
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford
Garter encircled shield arms of Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.