Heraklion

Heraklion or Iraklion (/hɪˈrækliən/ hih-RAK-lee-ən; Greek: Ηράκλειο, Irákleio, pronounced [iˈraklio])[3] is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete and capital of Heraklion regional unit. It is the fourth largest city in Greece with a population of 211,370 (Urban Area)[4] according to the 2011 census. The population of the municipality was 173,993.[5]

Heraklion
Ηράκλειο
Irákleio
The Venetian fortress of Koules/Castello a Mare (1523–1540) in the inner harbor of Heraklion.
Heraklion
Location within the region
Coordinates: 35°20′25″N 25°8′4″E
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCrete
Regional unitHeraklion
Government
  MayorVasilis Lambrinos
Area
  Municipality244.6 km2 (94.4 sq mi)
  Municipal unit109.0 km2 (42.1 sq mi)
Highest elevation
33 m (108 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
  Urban
211,370 [2]
  Municipality
173,993
  Municipality density710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
  Municipal unit
151,324
  Municipal unit density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Heraklian, Heraclian
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
70x xx, 71x xx, 720 xx
Area code(s)281
Vehicle registrationHK, HP, HZ
Websitewww.heraklion-city.gr

The Bronze Age palace of Knossos, also known as the Palace of Minos, is located nearby.

Heraklion was Europe's fastest growing tourism destination for 2017, according to Euromonitor, with an 11.2% growth in international arrivals.[6] According to the ranking, Heraklion was ranked as the 20th most visited region in Europe, as the 66th area on the Planet and as the 2nd in Greece for the year 2017, with 3.2 million visitors[7] and the 19th in Europe for 2018, with 3.4 million visitors.[8]