Herbert A. Simon

Herbert Alexander Simon (June 15, 1916 – February 9, 2001) was an American economist, political scientist and cognitive psychologist, whose primary research interest was decision-making within organizations and is best known for the theories of "bounded rationality" and "satisficing".[5] He received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1978 and the Turing Award in 1975.[6][7] His research was noted for its interdisciplinary nature and spanned across the fields of cognitive science, computer science, public administration, management, and political science.[8] He was at Carnegie Mellon University for most of his career, from 1949 to 2001.[9]

Herbert A. Simon
Born
Herbert Alexander Simon

(1916-06-15)June 15, 1916
DiedFebruary 9, 2001(2001-02-09) (aged 84)
CitizenshipUnited States
EducationUniversity of Chicago
(B.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1943)
Known forBounded rationality
Satisficing
Information Processing Language
Logic Theorist
General Problem Solver
Spouse(s)
Dorothea Isabel Pye[1]
(m. 1939)
Children3
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsEconomics
Artificial intelligence
Computer science
Political science
InstitutionsCarnegie Mellon University
Doctoral advisorHenry Schultz
Other academic advisorsRudolf Carnap
Nicholas Rashevsky
Harold Lasswell
Charles Merriam[2]
John R. Commons[3]
Doctoral studentsEdward Feigenbaum
Allen Newell
Richard Waldinger[4]
John Muth
William F. Pounds
InfluencesRichard T. Ely, John R. Commons, Henry George, Chester Barnard, Charles Merriam, Yuji Ijiri, William W. Cooper, Richard Cyert, James G. March
InfluencedDaniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, Gerd Gigerenzer, James March, Allen Newell, Philip E. Tetlock, Richard Thaler, John Muth, Oliver E. Williamson, Massimo Egidi, Vela Velupillai, Ha Joon Chang, William C. Wimsatt, Alok Bhargava, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Yuji Ijiri, William W. Cooper, Richard Cyert, James G. March

Notably, Simon was among the pioneers of several modern-day scientific domains such as artificial intelligence, information processing, decision-making, problem-solving, organization theory, and complex systems. He was among the earliest to analyze the architecture of complexity and to propose a preferential attachment mechanism to explain power law distributions.[10][11]