Hiberno-English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland")[lower-alpha 1] or Irish English,[3] also formerly Anglo-Irish,[4] is the set of English dialects native to the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).[5]

Irish English
Native toIreland
RegionIreland (Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland); Great Britain; United States; Australia; Canada (diaspora)
Native speakers
5+ million in the Republic of Ireland[1] 6.8 million speakers in Ireland overall. (2012 European Commission)[2]
275,000 L2 speakers of English in Ireland (European Commission 2012)
Early forms
Latin (English alphabet)
Unified English Braille
Official status
Regulated by
Language codes
ISO 639-3
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Irish-Latin-English phrase book written in 1564 by Irishman Sir Christopher Nugent for Elizabeth I of England.

In the Republic of Ireland, English is one of two official languages, along with the Irish language, and is the country's de facto working language. Irish English's writing standards, such as its spelling, align with British English.[6] However, Irish English's diverse accents and some of its grammatical structures and vocabulary are unique, with some influences deriving from the Irish language and some notably conservative phonological features: features no longer common in the accents of England or North America.

Phonologists today often divide Irish English into four or five overarching dialects or accents:[7][8] Ulster accents, West and South-West Irish accents (like Cork accents), various Dublin accents, and a non-regional standard accent expanding since only the last quarter of the twentieth century (outside of Northern Ireland).

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