Education in Sweden

Education in Sweden is mandatory for children between ages 6 and 17. The school year in Sweden runs from mid/late August to early/mid June. The Christmas holiday from mid December to early January divides the Swedish school year into two terms.

Education in Sweden
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister for EducationAnna Ekström[1]
National education budget (2017)
Budget71.6 billion SEK[2]
General details
System typeNational
Primary1,049,490 students[3]
Secondary347,900 students[4]
Attainment
Secondary diploma83% of adults (OECD 2017)[5]
Post-secondary diploma41.9% of adults (OECD 2017)[5]

Preschool is free for low-income families and subsidized with a price ceiling for all families. The year children turn six they start the compulsory preschool class (förskoleklass), which act as a transition phase between preschool and comprehensive schools. Children between ages 6 and 17 attend comprehensive school where a wide range of subjects are studied. All students study the same subjects, with exception for different language choices. The majority of schools are run municipally, but there are also privately owned schools, known as independent schools.

Almost all students continue studying in 3 year long upper secondary schools where most students choose one out of 18 national programmes some of which are vocational and some preparatory. For students not fulfilling the requirements for the national programmes, introductory programmes are available where students work to satisfy the requirements for the national programmes. In 2018, 16% of students finishing year 9 of comprehensive school were not eligible for national programmes.[6]

The higher education system is compatible with the rest of Europe through the Bologna Process where degrees are divided into 3 cycles, basic level, advanced level and doctoral level. There are two degrees available in each cycle of different lengths. Universities have no tuition fees for Swedish citizens (as well for citizens of European Economic Area сountries), and student aid is available from the government.


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