Highland cattle

The Highland (Scottish Gaelic: Bò Ghàidhealach; Scots: Hielan coo) is a Scottish breed of rustic cattle. It originated in the Scottish Highlands and the Outer Hebrides islands of Scotland and has long horns and a long shaggy coat. It is a hardy breed, bred to withstand the intemperate conditions in the region. The first herd-book dates from 1885; two types – a smaller island type, usually black, and a larger mainland type, usually dun – were registered as a single breed. It is reared primarily for beef, and has been exported to several other countries.[1]

Highland Cattle
A Highland cow on Dartmoor in England
Conservation statusDomesticated
Other names
  • Long-haired Highland Cattle
  • Long-haired Scottish Cattle
  • North Highland Cattle
  • Scottish Cattle
  • Scottish Highland Cattle
  • West Highland Cattle
Country of originScotland
DistributionWorldwide (most common in Scotland and the US)
  • Male:
    800 kilograms
  • Female:
    500 kilograms
  • Male:
    106–120 centimetres (3.5–4 ft)
  • Female:
    90–106 centimetres (3–3.5 ft)
  • Cattle
  • Bos (primigenius) taurus
Two-month-old Highland cow
Highland cows with a black coat
The hair on Highland cattle gives protection during the cold winter.
A Highland cow and calf in the snow in southeastern Saskatchewan.
Highland calves in pasture

Bulls can weigh up to 800 kg (1,800 lb) and cows up to 500 kg (1,100 lb).