Hispaniola (//, also UK: /--/; Spanish: La Española; Latin and French: Hispaniola; Haitian Creole: Ispayola; Taino: Ayiti), is an island in the Caribbean that is part of the Greater Antilles. Hispaniola is the most populous island in the West Indies, and the region's second largest in area, after the main island of Cuba.
|Area||76,192 km2 (29,418 sq mi)|
|Coastline||3,059 km (1900.8 mi)|
|Highest elevation||3,175 m (10417 ft)|
|Highest point||Pico Duarte|
|Capital and largest city||Santo Domingo (pop. 2,201,941)|
|Area covered||48,445 km2 (18,705 sq mi; 63.6%)|
|Capital and largest city||Port-au-Prince (pop. 1,234,742)|
|Area covered||27,747 km2 (10,713 sq mi; 36.4%)|
|Pop. density||280.8/km2 (727.3/sq mi)|
The 76,192-square-kilometre (29,418 sq mi) island is divided into two separate nations: the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic (48,445 km2, 18,705 sq mi) to the east and French / Haitian Creole-speaking Haiti (27,750 km2, 10,710 sq mi) to the west. The only other divided island in the Caribbean is Saint Martin, which is shared between France (Saint Martin) and the Netherlands (Sint Maarten).
Hispaniola is the site of one of the first European settlements in the Americas, La Navidad (1492–1493), as well as the first proper town, La Isabela (1493–1500), and the first permanent settlement – the current capital of the Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo (est. 1498). These settlements were founded successively in each of Christopher Columbus's first three voyages.