Home Secretary

The home secretary, officially the secretary of state for the Home Department, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, with overall responsibility for all Home Office business.[1] The incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, fifth in the ministerial ranking.[2]

Secretary of State
for the Home Department
Priti Patel

since 24 July 2019 (2019-07-24)
Home Office
StyleHome Secretary
The Right Honourable
(UK and the Commonwealth)
StatusGreat Office of State
Secretary of state
Minister of the Crown
Member ofCabinet
Privy Council
National Security Council
Reports toThe Prime Minister
AppointerThe Crown
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation27 March 1782
First holderEarl of Shelburne

The position was created in 1782,[3] though its responsibilities have changed many times.[4] Past office holders have included the Prime Ministers Lord North, Robert Peel, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Palmerston, Winston Churchill, James Callaghan, and Theresa May. In 2007, Jacqui Smith became the first female home secretary.[5]

The office holder works alongside the other Home Office ministers. The corresponding shadow minister is the Shadow Home Secretary.

The incumbent is Priti Patel, who was appointed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson in July 2019.[6]