The Honda CR-V is a compact crossover SUV manufactured by Japanese automaker Honda since 1995 and introduced in the North American market in 1997. It uses the Honda Civic platform with an SUV body design. The CR-V is Honda's mid-range utility vehicle, slotting between the smaller Honda HR-V and the larger North American market Honda Pilot. Honda states "CR-V" stands for "Comfortable Runabout Vehicle," while the term "Compact Recreational Vehicle" is used in a British car review article that was republished by Honda.
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact crossover SUV|
|Body style||5-door SUV|
Honda began producing the CR-V in Sayama, Japan, and Swindon, United Kingdom, for worldwide markets, adding North American manufacturing sites in East Liberty, Ohio, United States, in 2007; El Salto, Jalisco, Mexico, in late 2007 (ended in early 2017); Alliston, Ontario, Canada, in 2012; and Greensburg, Indiana, United States, in February 2017. The CR-V is also produced in Wuhan (Hubei province) for the Chinese market by the Dongfeng Honda Automobile Company, a joint venture with Dongfeng Motor Corporation.
First generation (1995)
|First generation (RD1–RD3)|
|Designer||Hiroyuki Kawase (1993)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Honda Civic (sixth generation)|
|Transmission||5-speed SBXM AWD manual|
5-speed SKH FWD manual
MDMA 4-speed automatic
MDLA 4-speed automatic
|Wheelbase||2,620 mm (103.1 in)|
2,625 mm (103.3 in) (post-facelift)
|Length||4,510 mm (177.6 in)|
|Width||1,780 mm (70.1 in)|
|Height||1,678–1,770 mm (66.1–69.7 in)|
The first generation CR-V or RD1 was Honda's first in-house designed sport utility vehicle by Hiroyuki Kawase. The CR-V was introduced in Japan at Honda Verno dealerships only and exceeded Japanese government's compact car regulations regarding exterior dimensions (maximum width of 1,700 mm (66.9 in)), therefore incurred a more expensive annual road tax obligation. For the North American market, it was displayed at the 1996 Chicago Auto Show and went on sale in February 1997.
Upon introduction, the model had only one trim level, which would later be known as the LX model trim; it was powered by the 2.0-litre straight-four B20B producing 126 hp (94 kW) at 5400 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft (180 N⋅m) of torque at 4800 rpm. Outer dimensions for this engine would be identical to the Integra's 1.8 L engine, but internally the engine had a larger 84 mm (3.3 in) bore to add the extra displacement needed to produce more torque. The engine used a one-piece cylinder sleeve construction unique from any other B-series engine. The chassis was a unibody design with fully independent suspension. The front suspension was double-wishbone, while the rear used a trailing arm-based multilink system. Inside, the rear seats were able to fold down, and a picnic table was stowed in the rear floor area. All models featured plastic cladding covering the front bumper, rear bumper, and fender wells. In most countries, CR-Vs had a chrome grille; however, in the United States, the grille was made out of the same black plastic as the bumpers. The EX included anti-lock brakes and 15 inch alloy wheels over the LX trim. Drivetrain options were front-wheel drive or Honda's Real Time AWD.
In 1999, the European, Australian and Asian CR-V models featured more drastic changes. Exterior alterations included a new front bumper, smoothed off rear bumper, and a smaller plastic radio antenna on the rear of the roof. "Nighthawk Black" was added to the list of paint choices, while "Passion Orange" disappeared. New dark blue pearl and red pearl shades replaced the former solid red and metallic blue hues. European models received an enlarged Honda emblem on the front grille, and a new metallic yellow paint in certain markets.
The engine was changed to the 2.0 L B20Z engine, producing 147 hp (110 kW) at 6200 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft (180 N⋅m) of torque at 4500 rpm. This improved performance for the 3,200 lb (1,500 kg) vehicle. Fuel economy of 23 mpg‑US (10 L/100 km; 28 mpg‑imp) city/28 mpg‑US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg‑imp) highway (US) and price were not affected by the increase in power, which was the result of a higher compression ratio (9.6:1 compared to the B20B's 8.8:1), a new intake manifold, and slightly higher lift on the intake valves. This 16 percent boost in power resulted to a faster 0-60 mph of 8.6 seconds on the 5-speed manual 4wd.
In 2000, a Special Edition model was introduced in North America. The SE featured body-colored bumpers and side moldings, a body-colored hard spare tire cover, leather upholstery, CD/cassette audio deck, rear privacy glass, a Navtech navigation system, and chrome grille accent. Until 2001, the CR-V sold more than any other vehicle in its class. The North American models also received new exterior colors including Naples Gold Metallic and Taffeta White. Electron Blue was introduced in 2000 to replace Submarine Blue Pearl, while Satin Silver Metallic replaced Sebring Silver Metallic in 2001. However, that year, sales of the Ford Escape and its clone, the Mazda Tribute, surpassed those of the CR-V.
The Australian higher specification model was called the "Sport". It was added at the time of the first facelift and included body-colored bumpers, mirrors, door handles, and hard rear spare wheel cover. It also included alloy wheels, roof rails, and a large glass sunroof. The CR-V became the country's best-selling SUV in 2000, outselling the Toyota Land Cruiser for the first time.
The 1997–2001 model tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) was the LX model with standard driver and passenger airbags. Even though the car's structure received an acceptable rating, the overall car received a marginal rating as the dummy's left leg would have been broken. In addition to this lower body injury, the dummy's head went through the airbag which may have caused a minor concussion. The chest was well protected.
Models equipped with an automatic transmission now had an overdrive cancel button that allowed the driver to lock the transmission in the first three gears to provide power for passing and climbing grades, known as "Grade Logic." The pattern of the cloth on the seats was also redesigned, and the head restraints earned an acceptable rating from the IIHS for whiplash protection.
Second generation (2001)
|Second generation (RD4–RD9)|
|Designer||Mitsuhiro Honda (1999)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Honda Civic (seventh generation)|
Honda Integra DC5
|Wheelbase||2,620–2,625 mm (103.1–103.3 in)|
|Length||4,535–4,600 mm (178.5–181.1 in)|
|Width||1,785 mm (70.3 in)|
|Height||1,680–1,780 mm (66.1–70.1 in)|
The second generation CR-V, which went on sale on November 12, 2001 was a full redesign, based on the seventh generation Civic, and powered by the K24A1 engine. Southeast Asian models produced 150 hp (112 kW) of power and 190 N⋅m (140 lbf⋅ft) while the North American versions of the new engine produced 160 hp (119 kW) and 190 N⋅m (140 lbf⋅ft) of torque. Per new SAE regulations, the same North American K24A1 engine is now rated at 156 hp (116 kW) and 160 lb⋅ft (217 N⋅m). The new CR-V retained the fuel economy of the previous model because of the i-VTEC system. The new chassis had increased torsional and bending rigidity, the suspension included front toe control link MacPherson struts and a rear reactive-link double wishbone; the compact rear suspension increased cargo space to 72 cu ft (2,000 l). The second generation CR-V was Car and Driver magazine's Best Small SUV for 2002 and 2003. Second generation CR-Vs in countries outside of North America were again offered in both "low specification" and "high specification" variants, with the latter featuring body-colored bumpers and fittings. It also now did not require the glass hatch to be opened before the swinging door. Changes between model years 2002, 2003, and 2004 were minor, involving an enlargement of the center compartment bin and the addition of a front passenger door power lock in the latter two years respectively. The Honda FR-V was based upon the second generation CR-V.
In China, a clone from Shuanghuan Auto, called the SR-V, became a center of a design rights controversy, because the latter appeared to be a blatant copy of Honda's design.
In 2005, the CR-V received a mid-cycle refresh. New 16-inch wheels replaced the previous 15-inch versions. Changes included new taillights and headlights with clear indicators and two separate H1 bulbs for low beams and high beams, the previous setup used H4 single bulb for both low and high beams. The taillights now used clear lenses instead of amber for the turning indicators. The grille was also changed; it had two horizontal bars instead of one. The front bumper design was slightly changed, it now has round fog lights compared to the previous trapezium fog lights and in addition to the lower grill there are two horizontal bars instead of one. The rear bumper reflectors were longer and narrower.
On the inside of the car, the EX trim received upgrades which included steering wheel-mounted audio controls, an outside temperature monitor and also an electric sunroof. The stereo system was also XM Satellite Radio ready (USA but not Canada). All CR-V models also had revised rear seat headrests, which had been redesigned to reduce rear view blockage.
Mechanically, the 2005 model was also changed. A major change included a drive-by-wire throttle for all CR-Vs. The all-wheel drive system was improved; it had been tuned to activate faster in low traction situations. US market models were equipped with a five-speed automatic, as opposed to the previous four-speed automatic.
In the United States and Canada, all 2005 MY and later CR-Vs have anti-lock brakes, electronic brake force distribution, traction control and Vehicle Stability Assist, front seat-mounted side airbags, and side-curtain airbags with rollover sensors for all occupants.
In Australia, the MY05 facelift went on sale in late 2004. Base models made do with only dual airbags and ABS as standard equipment, while the Sport came equipped with side airbags for the first time. Curtain airbags were unavailable on any model, until the next generation.
Following the tradition of adding a trim level above the EX during the refresh like the first generation CR-V, Honda added the SE trim level for the 2005 CR-V. The CR-V SE featured painted bumpers, body side molding, and hard, body-colored spare tire cover. For a more luxurious experience, Honda added a leather interior, leather-wrapped steering wheel, and heated side mirrors and front seats.
This iteration of CR-V arrived in Australia in January 2002, and initially came in separate guises, consisting that of the "Base" & "Sport". The "CR-V" (or "Base"), consisted of, but not limited of, dual front airbags, Air Conditioning, power windows and mirrors, as well as a CD Player. Building upon "CR-V" specification, The Sport added ABS, Cruise Control, a sunroof, 15 inch alloy wheels, front foglights, as well as body coloured bumpers and mirrors. Consistently selling very well within the Medium SUV segment within the previous generation, amassing over 40,000 units between 1997 and 2001, the second generation continued its success, with it becoming the best selling SUV in 2002, selling over 12,000 units.
Several "Special Edition" models were released, beginning in 2003. The "Winter Classic" & "Sport Winter Classic" were sold in Winter/Spring 2003. Building upon the "Base", Winter Classic added alloy wheels, side steps, as well as a tow bar, while the Sport Winter Classic gained roof racks, nudge bar and foglights, however, did without the towbar. Later within this iteration, in 2005, an SE model was launched, featuring rear parking sensors, nudge bar and 16' alloy wheels. It was sold between October and November 2005. Running throughout 2006, the CR-V "Extra" brought with it 16 inch alloy wheels and side airbags.
Third generation (2006)
The third generation CR-V went on sale in the U.S. in late September 2006 for the 2007 model year. Unlike preceding models, it features a rear liftgate rather than a side-opening rear door and no longer has the spare tire mounted on the rear door.
The third generation CR-V is powered by Honda's standard K-series 2.4 L inline-four engine. In North American markets, this engine's power is rated at 166 hp (124 kW) at 5,800 rpm and 161 lb⋅ft (218 N⋅m) at 4,200 rpm. A 2.2 L i-CTDI diesel engine was offered in the European and Asian markets. The European market CR-V had the R20A 2.0 L gasoline engine, based on the Honda R-series i-VTEC SOHC engine found in the Honda Civic, as opposed to the previous CR-V offering the K20A.
For the 2010 model year, the CR-V received style, powertrain and equipment changes. Changes included a redesigned front fascia with a new horizontal-slat chrome grille and honeycomb-designed lower front grille, new front bumper, and revised tail lights. The rear bumper was redesigned, as well as new five split-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels for EX and EX-L models. The interior received minor changes, including seat fabrics, as well as wider driver and front-passenger armrests. The audio head unit controls were altered and the information display backlighting in the gauges was changed to blue, instead of the previous black. A USB audio input became standard in the EX-L trim while hands-free Bluetooth connectivity was exclusive to the EX-L trim equipped with navigation system. In 2011, a mid-level SE trim debuted with a 6-disc CD changer and 17-inch 7-spoke alloy wheels that came from the pre-facelift EX and EX-L trims.
Fourth generation (2011)
The CR-V Concept debuted at the Orange County International Auto Show in September 2011, the production 2012 CR-V debuted at the 2011 Los Angeles Auto Show. The CR-V went on sale in the U.S. on 15 December 2011.
It is powered with a 2.4-litre i-VTEC inline-four engine that puts out 185 hp and 163 pound-feet (220 Nm) of torque at 4,400 rpm along with an all-new Real-Time all-wheel-drive (AWD) with intelligent control system. All North American CR-Vs come equipped with a 5-speed automatic transmission.
The facelifted 2015 model year CR-V went on sale during October 2014. The CR-V uses the direct injected Earth Dreams engine and continuously variable transmission (CVT) transmission combination first introduced on the ninth generation Accord, EPA estimated fuel economy is improved +4/+3/+3 mpg (city/highway/combined). The structure has been modified to improve crash performance, particularly in the IIHS's small offset crash test. The suspension shock absorbers, springs, anti-roll bars and lower control arms are also revised to improve ride performance, while a reduced 15.6:1 steering gear ratio and larger brake booster gives it a sportier feel.
Fifth generation (2016)
|Fifth generation (RW1–RW8, RT5–RT6)|
|Also called||Honda Breeze (China, Guangqi Honda)|
|Production||November 2016 – present|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Honda Civic (tenth generation)|
|Electric motor||AC Synchronous Permanent-Magnet Electric Motor (Hybrid Version)|
9-speed ZF automatic
|Hybrid drivetrain||Honda Sport Hybrid i-MMD (CR-V Hybrid)|
Honda Sport Hybrid e+ (CR-V PHEV)
|Wheelbase||2,660 mm (104.7 in)|
|Length||4,584–4,623 mm (180.5–182.0 in)|
|Width||1,855 mm (73.0 in)|
|Height||1,657–1,690 mm (65.2–66.5 in)|
|Curb weight||1,500–1,540 kg (3,307–3,395 lb) (FWD)|
1,551–1,593 kg (3,419–3,512 lb) (AWD)
The fifth generation CR-V was unveiled on 13 October 2016 in Detroit. Sales began in the U.S. on 21 December 2016 as a 2017 model year. It uses the same Honda compact global platform introduced on the tenth generation Civic. Honda began producing the CR-V at East Liberty, Ohio (ELP) in November 2016 and at Greensburg, Indiana (HMIN) during February 2017. The driver's seat adds a 4-way power lumbar option. The fifth generation of CR-V is available in 5-seater and 7-seater variant in markets other than the US.
The base engine is an Earth Dreams 2.4-litre I-4 engine with 184 hp (137 kW; 187 PS), a turbocharged 1.5-litre I-4 with 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS) is offered. The turbocharged engine delivers peak torque at 2,000 rpm-5,000 rpm whereas the naturally-aspirated engine delivers its peak torque at 3,900 rpm. U.S. and Canada models are only available with continuously variable transmission. For the 2020 model year, Honda has made the 1.5-litre engine standard on all CR-V trim levels sold in the United States. In some markets, the CR-V is also available with a 1.6-litre Honda i-DTEC turbodiesel option, producing 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) paired to a ZF 9HP transversely-mounted 9-speed automatic transmission. The i-DTEC turbodiesel engine has been revised from having a single variable-nozzle turbocharger in the earlier version to having two turbochargers - one for low RPMs and the other for high RPMs - to minimize turbo lag. It uses an aluminum cylinder head paired to an open-deck cylinder block, with shorter and thinner piston skirts to reduce mechanical friction to levels comparable to a gasoline engine.
The Honda Sensing package, which includes features like Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Collision Mitigation Braking (CMBS) and Lane Keeping Assist (LKAS), are standard on EX and above trims; the package was formerly reserved to the Touring trim prior to the fifth generation release. New safety features introduced include: Blind Spot Information (BSI) with Rear Cross Traffic Monitor (CTM), replacing the LaneWatch system from the previous generation CR-V, and Auto High Beam (HSS) headlights. Honda Sensing is standard on all CR-V trim levels for 2020 and adds traffic sign recognition.
LED daytime running lights, 18" alloy wheels and electronic parking brake with a new auto-hold feature are available. Additional, new features include a power lift-gate, active grille shutter system to reduce aerodynamic drag, Android Auto/Apple CarPlay on a 7-inch touch screen display with volume knob, 7-inch TFT instrument display and LED headlights.
- 2017 Honda CR-V AWD (RW2; pre-facelift, US)
- 2018 Honda CR-V +Sport 2WD (RW1; pre-facelift, Australia)
- Interior of the hybrid model
The fifth generation CR-V was also launched in Thailand on 24 March 2017 and in Indonesia on 27 April 2017 at the 25th Indonesia International Motor Show. Indonesian models went on sale on 17 June 2017. The Indonesian model top trim (Prestige) is equipped with 5-spoke 18-inch Modulo alloy wheels not seen in other markets.
In the Philippines, the 1.6-litre i-DTEC diesel engine manages 120 PS and 300 Nm of torque.
The 158 kW (212 hp; 215 PS) CR-V Hybrid was unveiled at the 2017 Auto Shanghai in China in April 2017.
The fifth generation CR-V was also launched in Japan on 30 August 2018 and went on sale on the following day, making it the return of the CR-V for the Japanese domestic market after a two-year hiatus since the fourth generation CR-V was discontinued there in August 2016. It was previously displayed on 27 October 2017 at the 2017 Tokyo Motor Show, announced on 29 September 2017.
In 2017, Honda Malaysia launched the fifth generation CR-V with four trim levels. After two years launch of the new fifth generation Honda CR-V, Honda Malaysia just launch the fifth generation Honda CR-V Mugen Limited Edition.
The European market CR-V was shown at Geneva Motor Show in March 2018 and went on sale in September, including a seven-seat variant. The CR-V hybrid, which was previewed at the Frankfurt Motor Show, goes on sale in early 2019 with a fuel economy comparable to diesel competitors. Honda expects sales to split equally between gasoline and hybrid in three years.
While most North American market cars are made in the ELAP, HMIN or HCM plants, some, albeit relatively very few, are assembled in Saitama, Japan.
Honda unveiled a refreshed CR-V on 18 September 2019, initially for the North American market. For the first time in North America, the refreshed model introduced a hybrid powertrain as an option. The CR-V Hybrid features a 2.0-liter Atkinson-cycle four-cylinder gasoline engine with Honda's i-MMD hybrid system. The hybrid version is assembled at Honda's Greensburg, Indiana assembly plant which also produces the standard gasoline-only CR-V, while the powertrain is assembled in Anna, Ohio. The previously-available 2.4-litre naturally-aspirated gasoline engine that powered the base LX trim is dropped from the CR-V lineup for 2020. Additionally, the CR-V's suite of advanced safety features are standard on every trim level, meaning even the most affordable CR-V provides adaptive cruise control and the latest crash prevention technology. The gasoline-only CR-V went on sale at Honda dealerships across North America starting in late fall 2019, while the CR-V Hybrid goes on sale in early 2020.
Other changes for the 2020 CR-V include larger 19-inch alloy wheels on top-line Touring models, redesigned 18-inch alloy wheels for EX and EX-L trims, a revised front fascia with a new upper grille (which also features a blue-outlined Honda 'H' emblem on CR-V Hybrid models), revised side skirts with chrome inserts, a new rear bumper with chrome insert, a push button-controlled CVT for CR-V Hybrid models, LED front fog lamps on most models (except on the base LX trim), new exterior color options and standard Honda Sensing driver assistance technology for all models.
The facelifted CR-V was also released in Thailand on 14 July 2020, including the panoramic sunroof, wireless charger, Honda Sensing, automatic-dimming rear-view mirror and memory seat, and the 1.6 DT-E FWD was discontinued.
Honda Malaysia has officially launched the facelifted CR-V on 5 November 2020, which gets some minor styling changes and new features. Remained a locally assembled (CKD) model, the SUV's variant line-up also sees a revision, with just three options available instead of four previously. The base variant remains the 2.0 2WD, which is powered by a 2.0-litre SOHC i-VTEC naturally-aspirated four-cylinder petrol engine making 152 hp (113 kW; 154 PS) at 6,500 rpm and 189 Nm of torque at 4,300 rpm. The remaining two variants are both turbocharged, with the 1.5 TC-P 2WD also being retained and it is joined by a new 1.5 TC-P 4WD as the top-of-the-range variant.
The facelifted CR-V was also released in Indonesia on 18 February 2021, including Honda Sensing for Prestige variant, standard LED headlamps and foglamps for all variants, along with 5-inch TFT instrument cluster and 7-inch touchscreen display for 1.5 Turbo and 1.5 Turbo Prestige variants. The Prestige variant no longer uses Modulo wheels and now shares the same new wheel design with the 1.5 Turbo variant while the 2.0 variant retained the pre-facelift wheels.
- Honda CR-V (facelift)
- Honda CR-V (facelift)
The Chinese market variant with different front and rear fascias is called the Honda Breeze (Chinese: 皓影; pinyin: Hàoyǐng), which is produced and sold by Guangqi Honda and was launched on 18 October 2019. The Honda Breeze is also available as a hybrid and is sold alongside the international facelift version Honda CR-V produced by Dongfeng Honda.
- Honda Breeze (China)
- Honda Breeze (China)
|1.5 L L15BE I4 turbo||RW1 (FWD)|
|190 hp (140 kW) at 5,600 rpm||179 lb⋅ft (243 N⋅m) at 2,000-5,000 rpm|
|2.0 R20Z1 I4||RW3 (FWD)|
|151 hp (113 kW) at 6,500 rpm||139 lb⋅ft (188 N⋅m) at 4,300 rpm|
|2.4 L K24V5 I4||RW5 (FWD)|
|173 hp (129 kW) at 6,200 rpm||165 lb⋅ft (224 N⋅m) at 4,000 rpm|
|2.4 L K24W9 I4||RW5 (FWD)|
|184 hp (137 kW) at 6,400 rpm||180 lb⋅ft (240 N⋅m) at 3,900 rpm|
|1.6 L N16A2 I4 turbo diesel||RW7 (FWD)|
|120 hp (89 kW) at 4,000 rpm||221 lb⋅ft (300 N⋅m) at 2,000 rpm|
|1.6 L N16A4 I4 twin-turbo diesel||RW7 (FWD)|
|160 hp (120 kW) at 4,000 rpm||258 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m) at 2,000 rpm|
|2.0 L LFA1 I4 hybrid gasoline||RT5 (FWD)|
|212 hp (158 kW) (combined output)||129 lb⋅ft (175 N⋅m) gas, 232 lb⋅ft (315 N⋅m) electric; 232 lb⋅ft (315 N⋅m) combined.|
|2.0 L LFB-13 I4 PHEV gasoline||212 hp (158 kW) (combined output)||129 lb⋅ft (175 N⋅m) gas, 232 lb⋅ft (315 N⋅m) electric; 232 lb⋅ft (315 N⋅m) combined.|
|Side Pole Driver:|
|Rollover FWD:||/ 16.3%|
|Rollover AWD:||/ 16.2%|