Honolulu (/ˌhɒnəˈll/;[7] Hawaiian: [honoˈlulu]) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is in the Pacific Ocean. It is the unincorporated county seat of the consolidated City and County of Honolulu, situated along the southeast coast of the island of Oʻahu,[lower-alpha 1] and is the westernmost and southernmost major U.S. city. Honolulu is Hawaii's main gateway to the world. It is also a major hub for business, finance, hospitality, and military defense in both the state and Oceania. The city is characterized by a mix of various Asian, Western, and Pacific cultures, reflected in its diverse demography, cuisine, and traditions.

Honolulu, Hawaii
City and County of Honolulu
Honolulu skyline
Honolulu Hale
Aerial view of Pearl Harbor
Statue of King Kamehameha I
Diamond Head
Clockwise from top: downtown; Pearl Harbor; statue of King Kamehameha I in front of Aliʻiolani Hale downtown; Diamond Head; waterfront on Waikīkī Beach; and Honolulu Hale (City Hall)
Official seal of Honolulu, Hawaii
Crossroads of the Pacific, Sheltered Bay, HNL, The Big Pineapple, Paradise
Haʻaheo No ʻO Honolulu (The Pride of Honolulu)[1]
Interactive map of Honolulu
Coordinates: 21°18′25″N 157°51′30″W
CountryUnited States
IncorporatedApril 30, 1907[2]
  MayorRick Blangiardi (I)
  City68.4 sq mi (177.2 km2)
  Land60.5 sq mi (156.7 km2)
  Water7.9 sq mi (20.5 km2)
145.0 sq mi (375.5 km2)
19 ft (6 m)
  City350,964 (US: 56th)
  Density5,791/sq mi (2,236.1/km2)
853,252 (US: 54th)
  Urban density5,885/sq mi (2,272.4/km2)
1,016,508[5] (US: 56th)
Time zoneUTC−10:00 (Hawaiian (HST))
ZIP Codes
Area code808
FIPS code15-17000
GNIS feature ID366212[6]

Honolulu means "sheltered harbor"[9] or "calm port" in Hawaiian;[10] its old name, Kou, roughly encompasses the area from Nuʻuanu Avenue to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to Queen Street, which is the heart of the present downtown district.[11] The city's desirability as a port accounts for its historical growth and importance in the Hawaiian archipelago and the broader Pacific region. Honolulu has been the capital of the Hawaiian Islands since 1845, first of the independent Hawaiian Kingdom, and after 1898 of the U.S. territory and state of Hawaii. The city gained worldwide recognition following Japan's attack on nearby Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, which prompted the entry of the U.S. into World War II; the harbor remains a major naval base, hosting the U.S. Pacific Fleet, the world's largest naval command.[12]

As Hawaii is the only state with no incorporated places below the county level,[13] the U.S. Census Bureau recognizes the approximate area commonly referred to as the "City of Honolulu"—not to be confused with the "City and County"—as a census county division (CCD).[14] As of the 2020 U.S. Census, the population of Honolulu was 350,964,[15] while that of the urban Honolulu census-designated place (CDP) was 802,459. The Urban Honolulu Metropolitan Statistical Area had 1,016,508 residents in 2020.[5] With over 300,000 residents, Honolulu is the most populous Oceanian city outside Australasia.[16][17]

Honolulu's favorable tropical climate, rich natural scenery, and extensive beaches make it a popular global destination for tourists. As of May 2021, the city receives the bulk of visitors to Hawaii, between 7,000 and 11,000 daily.[18]

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