Horace Walpole

Horatio Walpole (/ˈwɔːlpl/), 4th Earl of Orford (24 September 1717 – 2 March 1797), better known as Horace Walpole, was an English writer, art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician.[1]


The Earl of Orford
Walpole by Sir Joshua Reynolds 1756
Member of the British Parliament
for King's Lynn
In office
25 February 1757  16 March 1769
Serving with Sir John Turner, 3rd Baronet
Preceded byHoratio Walpole (the elder)
Succeeded byThomas Walpole
Member of the British Parliament
for Castle Rising
In office
21 May 1754  25 February 1757
Serving with Thomas Howard
Preceded byRobert Knight
Succeeded byCharles Boone
Member of the British Parliament
for Callington
In office
12 June 1741  18 April 1754
Serving with Thomas Copleston (1741–1748)
Edward Bacon (1748–1754)
Preceded byIsaac le Heup
Succeeded byJohn Sharpe
Personal details
Born
Horatio Walpole

(1717-09-24)24 September 1717
London, England, Great Britain
Died2 March 1797(1797-03-02) (aged 79)
Berkeley Square, London, Great Britain
Resting placeSt Martin's Church,
Houghton, Norfolk
Political partyWhig
ParentsRobert Walpole
Catherine Shorter
ResidenceStrawberry Hill, London
Alma materEton College
King's College, Cambridge
Occupation
  • Writer
  • Art Historian
  • Man of Letters
  • Antiquarian
  • Politician
Signature

He had Strawberry Hill House built in Twickenham, south-west London, reviving the Gothic style some decades before his Victorian successors. His literary reputation rests on the first Gothic novel, The Castle of Otranto (1764), and his Letters, which are of significant social and political interest.[2] They have been published by Yale University Press in 48 volumes.[3]

The youngest son of the first British Prime Minister, Sir Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, he became the 4th and last Earl of Orford on his nephew's death in 1791. His barony of Walpole descended to his first cousin once removed of the same name but Baron Walpole of Wolterton. Horatio Walpole the younger was later created a new Earl of Orford.