Hot Bird 13B
Hot Bird 13B, known as Hot Bird 8 prior to 2012, is a geostationary communications satellite. Operated by Eutelsat, it provides direct-to-home (DTH) broadcasting services from geostationary orbit as part of Eutelsat's Hot Bird constellation at a longitude of 13° East.
|Names||Hot Bird 8 (2006-2012)|
Hot Bird 13B (2012—present)
Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B
|Mission duration||15 years (planned)|
|Spacecraft||Hot Bird 8|
|Launch mass||4,875 kg (10,748 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||4 August 2006, 21:48:00 UTC|
|Rocket||Proton-M / Briz-M|
|Launch site||Baikonur, Site 200/39|
|Contractor||Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center|
|Entered service||October 2006|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Coverage area||Europe, North Africa, Middle East|
Eutelsat and EADS Astrium announced in September 2003 the signature of a contract for the construction the Hot Bird 8 broadcast satellite. Hot Bird 8 was constructed by EADS Astrium, and is based on the Eurostar-3000 satellite bus. It has a mass of 4,875 kg (10,748 lb) and is expected to operate for 15 years. The spacecraft has 64 Ku-band transponders, broadcasting satellite television and radio to Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.
Hot Bird 8, as it was then named, was launched by a Proton-M launch vehicle with a Briz-M upper stage. The launch took place from Site 200/39 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, at 21:48:00 UTC on 4 August 2006 with spacecraft separation occurring at 06:59:20 UTC on 5 August 2006. The launch was conducted by International Launch Services. The spacecraft was deployed into geosynchronous transfer orbit, raising itself to its operational geostationary position at 13° East by means of its apogee motor. The spacecraft is co-located with Hot Bird 13C and Hot Bird 13D.
- "Hotbird 8, 9, 10 → Hotbird 13B, 13C, 13D / Atlantic Bird 4A / Eutelsat 3C / Eutelsat 33E". Gunter's Space Page. 14 August 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
- "EUTELSAT HOT BIRD 13B satellite". The Fleet. Eutelsat. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- McDowell, Jonathan (14 March 2021). "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
- "ILS Current Campaign Blog - HOT BIRD 8" (PDF). International Launch Services. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "HOT BIRD 8". International Launch Services. Retrieved 4 October 2013.