House of Hesse

The House of Hesse is a European dynasty, directly descended from the House of Brabant. They ruled the region of Hesse, one branch as prince-electors until 1866, and another branch as grand dukes until 1918.[1]

House of Hesse
Parent familyHouse of Brabant
CountryGermany, Netherlands, Sweden, Finland
Founded1264; 759 years ago (1264)
FounderHenry I, Landgrave of Hesse
Current headDonatus, Landgrave of Hesse
Final rulerErnest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
TitlesLandgrave of Hesse (Lower Hesse line, Upper Hesse line, Kassel, Rotenburg, Wanfried, Rheinfels, Philippsthal, Philippsthal-Barchfeld, Marburg, Rheinfels, Darmstadt, Butzbach
Homburg, Braubach, Itter)
Elector of Hesse
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
King of Sweden
King of Finland
Cadet branchesHesse-Kassel
Hanau-Schaumburg (morganatic)
Mountbatten (morganatic)
Extinct branches:
Hesse-Braubach (extinct)
Hesse-Butzbach (extinct)
Hesse-Darmstadt (extinct)
Hesse-Homburg (extinct)
Hesse-Itter (extinct)
Hesse-Marburg (extinct)
Hesse-Philippsthal (extinct)
Hesse-Rheinfels (extinct)
Hesse-Rotenburg (extinct)
Hesse-Wanfried (extinct)
Battenberg (morganatic, extinct)

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