House of Representatives of the Philippines

The House of Representatives of the Philippines (Filipino: Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas, Kamara or Kamara de Representantes from the Spanish word cámara, meaning "chamber") is the lower house of Congress, the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, with the Senate of the Philippines as the upper house. The lower house is usually called Congress,[lower-alpha 3] although the term collectively refers to both houses.[1]

House of Representatives of the Philippines

Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas
19th Congress of the Philippines
Seal of the House of Representatives
Flag of the House of Representatives
Type
Type
Term limits
3 consecutive terms (9 years)
History
FoundedOctober 1907 (1907-10)
Leadership
Martin Romualdez, Lakas
since July 25, 2022
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Lakas
since July 25, 2022
Isidro Ungab, Lakas
since July 25, 2022
Roberto Puno, NUP
since July 25, 2022
Kristine Singson-Meehan, NPC
since July 25, 2022
Camille Villar, Nacionalista
since July 25, 2022
Raymond Democrito Mendoza, TUCP
since July 25, 2022
Ralph Recto, Nacionalista
since July 25, 2022
Manuel Jose Dalipe, Lakas
since July 25, 2022
Marcelino Libanan, 4Ps
since July 25, 2022
Structure
Seats316 representatives
253 from congressional districts
63 party-list representatives
Political groups
Majority bloc (268)

Minority bloc (22)

TBA (10)

Vacant (4)

  •   Vacancies (4)
Committees63 standing committees and 17 special committees
Length of term
3 years
AuthorityArticle VI, Constitution of the Philippines
Elections
Parallel voting (First-past-the-post voting in 80% of seats, and modified party-list proportional representation in 20%)
Last election
May 9, 2022
Next election
May 12, 2025
RedistrictingDistricts are redistricted by Congress after each census (has never been done since 1987)
By statute (most frequent method)
Meeting place
Batasang Pambansa Complex, Batasan Hills, Quezon City, Philippines
Website
www.congress.gov.ph
Rules
Rules of the House of Representatives (English)

Members of the House are officially styled as representative (kinatawan) and sometimes informally called congressmen or congresswomen (mga kongresista) and are elected to a three-year term. They can be re-elected, but cannot serve more than three consecutive terms except with an interruption of one term like the senate. Around eighty percent of congressmen are district representatives, representing a particular geographical area. The 19th Congress has 253[2] congressional districts. Party-list representatives are elected through the party-list system which constitutes not more than twenty percent of the total number of representatives.

Aside from needing its agreement to every bill in order to be sent for the president's signature to become law, the House of Representatives has power to impeach certain officials and all money bills must originate from the lower house.

The House of Representatives is headed by the speaker. The position is currently held by Rep. Martin Romualdez. The speaker of the House is the third in the presidential line of succession, after the vice and senate presidents. The official headquarters of the House of Representatives is at the Batasang Pambansa (literally "national legislature") located in Batasan Hills, Quezon City. The building is often simply called Batasan and the word has also become a metonym to refer to the House of Representatives.


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