Hove (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||71,181 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Aldrington, Hove, Portslade|
|Member of Parliament||Peter Kyle (Labour)|
|Created from||Brighton and Lewes|
1950–1983: The County Borough of Hove, and the Urban District of Portslade-by-Sea.
1983–2010: The Borough of Hove.
2010–present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Brunswick and Adelaide, Central Hove, Goldsmid, Hangleton and Knoll, Hove Park, North Portslade, South Portslade, Westbourne, and Wish.
The settlement of Hove is an economically active seaside resort which is both a commuter town and centred in an area of high local employment, stretching from Portsmouth to London Gatwick Airport. The seat acted as a barometer of the national result between 1979 and 2015.
It was not until the 1950 general election, when major boundary changes occurred in Brighton, that Hove acquired a parliamentary seat of its own, having previously been in the former two-seat Brighton constituency. Hove was a Conservative stronghold until the 1997 general election, when the Labour Party saw a landslide parliamentary victory and with it, as in Greater London, wide success on the developed East Sussex coast.
Labour retained the seat, though with narrow majorities, at the 2001 and 2005 general elections. The Liberal Democrats including their two predecessor parties amassed their largest share of the vote in 2010 at 22.6% of the vote. Mike Weatherley, a Conservative, regained the seat at the 2010 general election. Weatherley stood down after one term, and the 2015 election saw Peter Kyle regain the seat for Labour on a 3.1% swing. The 2015 result gave the seat the 14th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. Kyle was reelected in 2017 by a margin of 32.6%, a 15.1% swing to Labour; this was not only the biggest margin Labour had ever won Hove by, but the largest margin any MP for Hove had won since 1987. The Conservative Party polled its lowest number of votes since 2005 and recorded their lowest percentage of the vote (31.6%) in the constituency since its creation. Turnout at the 2017 general election was 77.6%, the highest turnout in the constituency at a General Election since its creation in 1950.
Members of Parliament
|1965 by-election||Martin Maddan||Conservative|
|1973 by-election||Tim Sainsbury||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Beatrice Bass||3,731||6.6||4.3|
|Brexit Party||Angela Hancock||1,111||2.0||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Dame Dixon||195||0.3||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Carrie Hynds||1,311||2.3||1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Lambell||1,861||3.6||19.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Dame Jon Dixon||125||0.2||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||3.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Elgood||11,240||22.6||+4.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+2.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Elgood||8,002||17.9||+8.8|
|Green||Anthea P. Ballam||2,575||5.7||+2.4|
|UKIP||Stuart N. Bower||575||1.3||+0.4|
|Silent Majority Party||Richard Franklin||78||0.2||New|
|Conservative||Jenny M. Langston||16,082||38.3||+1.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Harold De Souza||3,823||9.1||−0.6|
|Green||Anthea P. Ballam||1,369||3.3||+2.0|
|Socialist Alliance||Andy K. Richards||531||1.3||New|
|Liberal||Nigel R. Donovan||316||0.8||New|
|Free Party||Simon Dobbshead||196||0.5||New|
|Independent||Thomas S. Major||60||0.1||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Thomas Pearce||4,645||9.7||−9.7|
|Referendum||Stuart R. Field||1,931||4.0||New|
|Ind. Conservative||John P. Furness||1,735||3.6||−1.7|
|Green||Philip A.T. Mulligan||644||1.3||−0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+16.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Anne F. Jones||9,709||19.4||−2.4|
|Ind. Conservative||John P. Furness||2,658||5.3||New|
|Green||Gordon S. Sinclair||814||1.6||New|
|Natural Law||John H. Morilly||126||0.3||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Spare the Earth||Thomas Layton||522||1.1||0.0|
|Spare the Earth||Thomas Layton||524||1.1||New|
|Modern Democratic Party||K.H. Lillie||189||0.4||New|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||B. R. Fitch||10,807||21.5||-0.4|
|Liberal||J. M. M. Walsh||8,771||17.4||-7.1|
|National Front||F. Sheridan||508||1.0||New|
|Liberal||J. M. M. Walsh||12,469||24.5||-9.2|
|Labour||L. E. Hamilton||11,179||21.9||+10.6|
|Labour||R. A. Wallis||6,374||11.3|
|National Front||Ted Budden||442||0.8|
|National Front||John Harrison-Broadley||1,409||3.1||New|
|Marxist-Leninist (England)||Carole Reakes||128||0.3||New|
|Labour||David G. Nicholas||15,639||31.3||+5.6|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Thomas James Marsh||8,387||21.0||-10.7|
|Labour||Thomas James Marsh||15,214||32.3||+7.1|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Thomas James Marsh||12,206||25.24||-0.61|
|Labour||Harry F. Parker||11,961||25.85||+0.07|
|Labour||Alfred D. Bermel||12,934||25.78||+2.40|
|Labour||Finlay R. Rea||11,791||23.38|
|Liberal||John Richard Colclough||4,893||9.70|
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