Hovhannes Tumanyan

Hovhannes Tumanyan (Armenian: Հովհաննես Թումանյան, classical spelling: Յովհաննէս Թումանեան, February 19 [O.S. February 7] 1869 – March 23, 1923) was an Armenian poet, writer, translator, and literary and public activist. He is the national poet of Armenia.[2]

Hovhannes Tumanyan
Born(1869-02-19)February 19, 1869[1]
Dsegh, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
(now Lori Province, Armenia)[1]
DiedMarch 23, 1923(1923-03-23) (aged 54)[1]
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union[1]
Resting placeArmenian Pantheon of Tbilisi
Occupationpoet, novelist, public activist
NationalityArmenian
Period1881–1923
Literary movementRealism
SpouseOlga Tumanyan (née Matchkalyan)
Children10
Signature

Tumanyan wrote poems, quatrains, ballads, novels, fables, and critical and journalistic articles.[3] His work was mostly written in realistic form, that frequently revolves around everyday life of his time.[2] Born in the historical village of Dsegh in the Lori region, at a young age Tumanyan moved to Tiflis, which was the centre of Armenian culture under the Russian Empire during the 19th and early 20th centuries.[4] He soon became known to the wide Armenian society for his simple but very poetic works.

Many films and animated films have been adapted from Tumanyan's works. Two operas, Anush (1912) by Armen Tigranian and Almast (1930) by Alexander Spendiaryan, were written based on his works.