Hu Shih

Hu Shih[1][2][3][4] (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hú Shì; Wade–Giles: Hu2 Shih4; 17 December 1891 – 24 February 1962), also known as Hu Suh in early references,[5][6] was a Chinese diplomat, essayist, literary scholar, philosopher, and politician. Hu is widely recognized today as a key contributor to Chinese liberalism and language reform in his advocacy for the use of written vernacular Chinese.[7] He was influential in the May Fourth Movement, one of the leaders of China's New Culture Movement, was a president of Peking University, and in 1939 was nominated for a Nobel Prize in literature.[8] He had a wide range of interests such as literature, philosophy, history, textual criticism, and pedagogy. He was also an influential redology scholar and held the famous Jiaxu manuscript (甲戌本; Jiǎxū běn) for many years until his death.

Hu Shih
胡適
Chinese Ambassador to the United States
In office
29 October 1938  1 September 1942
Preceded byWang Zhengting
Succeeded byWei Tao-ming
Personal details
Born(1891-12-17)17 December 1891
Chuansha County, Jiangsu Province, Qing Empire
Died24 February 1962(1962-02-24) (aged 70)
Taipei County, Taiwan
Alma materCornell University (BA)
Teachers College, Columbia University (PhD)

Philosophy career
SchoolPragmatism, experimentalism
Main interests
Liberalism, redology, philosophy of education
Influenced
OccupationDiplomat, essayist, literary scholar, philosopher, politician
Signature
Hu Shih
Traditional Chinese胡適