Hubei

Hubei (/hˈb/;[6] Chinese: 湖北; alternately Hupeh) is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the Central China region. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Dongting Lake.[7] The provincial capital, Wuhan, serves as a major transportation hub and the political, cultural, and economic hub of central China.

Hubei Province
湖北省
Name transcription(s)
  Chinese湖北省 (Húběi Shěng)
  AbbreviationHB / (pinyin: È)
Map showing the location of Hubei Province
Coordinates: 31°12′N 112°18′E
CountryChina
Named for —"lake"
běi—"north"
"north of the (Dongting) Lake"
Capital
(and largest city)
Wuhan
Divisions13 prefectures, 102 counties, 1235 townships
Government
  TypeProvince
  BodyHubei Provincial People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryYing Yong
  Congress directorYing Yong
  GovernorWang Zhonglin (acting)
  CPPCC chairmanHuang Chuping
Area
  Total185,900 km2 (71,800 sq mi)
Area rank13th
Highest elevation
(Shennong Peak)
3,105 m (10,187 ft)
Population
 (2020)[3]
  Total57,752,557
  Rank10th
  Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
  Density rank12th
Demographics
  Ethnic compositionHan: 95.6%
Tujia: 3.7%
Miao: 0.4%
  Languages and dialectsSouthwestern Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, Gan, Xiang
ISO 3166 codeCN-HB
GDP (2017)CNY 3.65 trillion
USD 540.94 billion [4] (7th)
 • per capitaCNY 61,971
USD 9,179 (11th)
HDI (2018)0.762[5] (high) (12th)
WebsiteHubei.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
Hubei
"Hubei" in Chinese characters
Chinese湖北
PostalHupeh
Literal meaning"North of the (Dongting) Lake"

Hubei's name is officially abbreviated to "" (È), an ancient name associated with the eastern part of the province since the State of E of the Western Zhou dynasty of c.1045–771 BCE; a popular name for Hubei is "" (Chǔ) (suggested by that of the powerful State of Chu, which existed in the area during the Eastern Zhou dynasty of 770 – 256 BCE). Hubei borders the provinces of Henan to the north, Anhui to the east, Jiangxi to the southeast, Hunan to the south, Chongqing to the west, and Shaanxi to the northwest. The high-profile Three Gorges Dam is located at Yichang, in the west of the province.