Hudson Bay

Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: ᑲᖏᖅᓱᐊᓗᒃ ᐃᓗᐊ, romanized: Kangiqsualuk ilua[2] or Inuktitut: ᑕᓯᐅᔭᕐᔪᐊᖅ, romanized: Tasiujarjuaq;[3] French: baie d'Hudson), sometimes called Hudson's Bay (usually historically), is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada with a surface area of 1,230,000 km2 (470,000 sq mi). It is located north of Ontario, west of Quebec, north east of Manitoba and southeast of Nunavut, but politically entirely part of Nunavut.[4] Although not geographically apparent, it is for climatic reasons considered to be a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. It drains a very large area, about 3,861,400 km2 (1,490,900 sq mi),[5] that includes parts of southeastern Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, all of Manitoba, and parts of the U.S. states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Montana. Hudson Bay's southern arm is called James Bay.

Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay, Canada
Coordinates60°N 86°W
Native name
Ocean/sea sourcesArctic Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean
Catchment area3,861,400 km2 (1,490,900 sq mi)
Basin countriesCanada and the United States
Max. length1,370 km (850 mi)
Max. width1,050 km (650 mi)
Surface area1,230,000 km2 (470,000 sq mi)
Average depth100 m (330 ft)
Max. depth270 m (890 ft)[1]
Frozenmid-December to mid-June
IslandsIslands of Hudson Bay
SettlementsRankin Inlet, Arviat, Puvirnituq, Churchill

The Eastern Cree name for Hudson and James Bay is Wînipekw (Southern dialect) or Wînipâkw (Northern dialect), meaning muddy or brackish water. Lake Winnipeg is similarly named by the local Cree, as is the location for the city of Winnipeg.