The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; pinyin: Huízú; Wade–Giles: Hui2-tsu2, Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو, Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group which is predominantly composed of Chinese-speaking adherents of Islam who are distributed throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region. According to the 2011 census, China is home to approximately 10.5 million Hui people, the majority of whom are Chinese-speaking practitioners of Islam, but some of them may practise other religions. The 110,000 Dungan people of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are also considered part of the Hui ethnicity.
|10,586,087 (2011 Census)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand|
|Mandarin Chinese, Dungan and other Sinitic languages|
|Predominantly Sunni Islam|
|Related ethnic groups|
Their culture has a distinct connection with the Islamic culture which developed from the practice of Islam. For example, as Muslims, they follow Islamic dietary laws and reject the consumption of pork, the meat which is most commonly consumed in China, and have given rise to their own variation of Chinese cuisine. Traditional Hui clothing differs from that of the Han Chinese primarily in that some men wear white caps (taqiyah) and some women wear headscarves, as is the case in many Islamic cultures.
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Islam in China
|Islam portal • China portal|
The Hui people are one of 56 ethnic groups recognized by China. The government defines the Hui people to include all historically Muslim communities not included in China's other ethnic groups; they are therefore distinct from other Muslim groups such as the Uyghurs. The Hui predominantly speak Chinese, while maintaining some Arabic and Persian phrases. In fact, the Hui ethnic group is unique among Chinese ethnic minorities in that it is not associated with a non-Sinitic language.
The Hui people are more concentrated in Northwestern China (Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang), but communities exist across the country, e.g. Manchuria, Beijing, Xi'an, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Hainan and Yunnan.