Hungary–Israel relations


Hungary–Israel relations are foreign relations between Hungary and Israel. Hungary has an embassy in Tel Aviv and 4 honorary consulates (in Eilat, Haifa, Jerusalem and Tel Aviv).[1] Israel has an embassy in Budapest and an honorary consulate in Szeged.[2]

Hungary–Israel relations

Hungary

Israel

According to the Israeli Central Bureau for Statistics, There were 47,500 Jews living in Hungary in 2018.[3] Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.

Both countries have stressed the increasing of trade and tourism between one another and an estimated 30,000 Hungarian Jews emigrated to Israel in 1948.[4][5][6]

History


20th Century

During the first half of the 20th century, many Hungarian-Jews had been suffering from antisemitism. The Nazis killed 564,000 Hungarian-Jews in 1944 – during the Holocaust.[7]

The diplomatic relations between Hungary and the State of Israel were officially established in 1949.[8] Hungary opened a legation in Israel, along with other countries from the Eastern Bloc in 1952.[9] Hungary severed its relations with Israel after the Six-day war, like many other countries from Eastern Europe, as a result of that, the Hungarian legation in Israel closed.

In the late-1980s Mikhail Gorbachev started reforms of democratization in the USSR. The Hungarian leader János Kádár agreed with Gorbachev's reforms, and its country became closer to the western countries. the first unofficial ties between the countries started in September 1987, when Hungary and Israel opened non-resident interest offices for each other. The official diplomatic relations have fully restored in 1989.[10]

21st Century

In the 21st century, Hungary is known as one of the best friends of Israel in Europe, breaking the European consensus many times and standing on Israel's side. The Hungarian and Israeli leaders have both made official visits many times.

In 2019, Hungary opened a trade office in Jerusalem, recognizing it as an integral part of Israel de facto.[11]

On 21 May 2020, the Hungarian Minister of Foreign affairs has spoken to his Israeli colleague and told him that "Hungary will always stand beside Israel". He also criticized Europe for its "politic hypocrisy".[12] Later that year, the two countries have decided to co-operate in the field of Space-research.[13]

On 18 May 2021, Hungary blocked the EU from taking a formal position on 2021 Israel–Palestine crisis. Hungary's Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto accused the EU of opposing Israel. "I have a general problem with these European statements on Israel..., These are usually very much one-sided, and these statements do not help, especially not under current circumstances, when the tension is so high." - he told.[14][15][16][17]

See also


Further reading


  • Yosef Govrin, יחסי ישראל עם מדינות מזרח אירופה, Magnes, 2009.

References


  1. "Hungarian embassy in Tel Aviv". Archived from the original on 26 October 2008.
  2. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  3. Yaron Drukman, הלמ"ס: פחות יהודים היום מאשר לפני השואה, Ynet, 10 April 2018
  4. "Hungary". European Jewish Congress. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  5. "Hungary Re-establishe Full Ties with Israel, Ending 22-year Breach". JTA. 19 September 1989. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  6. Gellért Rajcsányi (4 June 2013). "Israeli Ambassador: Hungary And Israel Are in Many Ways Similar". Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  7. Liraz Lahmanovich,שואת יהודי הונגריה, Yad VaShem
  8. שנתון המסמכים הרשמיים 2005, Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  9. התפתחות יחסי החוץ של ישראל 1948 עד 2003, Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  10. ציוני דרך ביחסים הדיפלומטיים של ישראל והונגריה
  11. Ariel Kahana, הונגריה חנכה נציגות דיפלומטית רשמית בירושלים, Israel Hayom, 19 March 2019
  12. שר החוץ ההונגרי שוחח עם אשכנזי: "נמשיך לעמוד לצד ישראל", Maariv, 21 May 2020
  13. Uriel Be'eri, ישראל והונגריה סיכמו: שיתוף פעולה בחקר החלל, Srugim, 20 July 2020
  14. "Hungary FM condemns EU's 'one-sided' statements on Israel". France 24. 2021-05-18. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  15. "Borrell calls for Israeli-Palestinian ceasefire, but Hungary blocks joint EU position". POLITICO. 2021-05-18. Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  16. tagesschau.de. "Ungarn blockiert EU-Erklärung zum Nahost-Konflikt". tagesschau.de (in German). Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  17. "Hungary blocks EU declaration on Israel-Palestine ceasefire". www.euractiv.com. 2021-05-19. Retrieved 2021-05-19.