Hungary–North Korea relations


Hungary–North Korea relations(Korean: 마쟈르-조선민주주의인민공화국 관계) are foreign relations between Hungary and Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea. Relations between the two countries existed since the Korean War, but however have evolved into conflicts.

Hungary–DPRK relations

North Korea

Hungary

History


The Second Hungarian Republic recognized the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on November 11, 1948 as the sole legal sovereign entity of the entire Korea.

Following the Korean War, the DPRK sent a number of its veterans to Hungary as exchange students. When the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 began, roughly 200 of these students joined in; their war experience proved to be of aid to the Hungarian students, many of whom lacked military training and could not operate the weapons and equipment they captured.[1] In the aftermath of the revolution, Soviet forces and Hungarian police gathered up the North Korean studentseasily distinguished from locals by their appearanceand deported them back to the DPRK, with a few escaping to Austria.[2]

In 1988, Kim Jong-il's brother Kim Pyong-il was assigned to Hungary as the DPRK's ambassador. However, little more than a year later, Hungary would become the first Eastern Bloc nation to open relations with South Korea; in response, the DPRK withdrew Kim from Hungary and sent him to Bulgaria instead.[3][4] They angrily referred to the Hungarian decision as a "betrayal", and then expelled the Hungarian envoy to Pyongyang, Miklós Lengyel.[5] This led to a downturn in bilateral ties which lasted over a decade-and-a-half; in a 2004 interview with The Korea Herald, then-deputy State Secretary Gábor Szentiványi indicated that his government were interested in improving their relations with the North.[6] However, as of 2009, the former Hungarian embassy building in Pyongyang remained empty; Budapest's relations with Pyongyang are handled through their embassy in Beijing, though according to Lengyel, who since became Hungary's ambassador to South Korea, there were plans of transferring the responsibility for that relationship to him.[5]

In 2002, it emerged that a former North Korean diplomat in Budapest had been involved in international arms trafficking while in Hungary.[7]

See also


References


  1. "<헝가리 혁명 50주년> ④ 북한 유학생도 참가했다/50th Anniversary of the Hungarian Revolution, #4: North Korean Exchange Students Also Participated", Yonhap News, 2006-10-22, retrieved 2009-04-21[permanent dead link]
  2. http://www.nkeconwatch.com/2008/08/01/the-usas-first-naturalized-north-korean/
  3. Sano, Yoel (2004-02-14), "Happy Birthday, Dear Leader - who's next in line?", Asia Times, archived from the original on 2004-02-13, retrieved 2007-10-25CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. Sterngold, James (1990-06-02), "Evolution in Europe; Stunned North Korea Warns Soviets on Meeting With Seoul Leader", The New York Times, retrieved 2007-10-22
  5. Kim, Se-jeong (2009-02-01), "Hungary Fetes 20-Year Ties With Korea", The Korea Times, archived from the original on 2012-08-29, retrieved 2009-04-21
  6. Seo, Hyun-jin (2004-02-02), "Hungary ready to improve ties with N. Korea", The Korea Herald; Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, retrieved 2009-04-21
  7. "Hungary: North Korean ex-diplomat involved in arms trafficking", Népszabadság, 2002-05-31, archived from the original on 2012-10-18, retrieved 2009-04-21