Ibn Arabi

Ibn ʿArabī (Arabic: ابن عربي, ALA-LC: Ibn ʻArabī; full name: أبو عبد الله محـمـد بن العربي الطائي الحاتمي, Abū ʻAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn al-ʻArabī al-Ṭāʼī al-Ḥātimī; 1165–1240),[3] was an Arab Andalusian Muslim scholar, mystic, poet, and philosopher, extremely influential within Islamic thought. Out of the 850 works attributed to him, some 700 are authentic while over 400 are still extant. His cosmological teachings became the dominant worldview in many parts of the Muslim world.[4]

Ash-Shaykh al-Akbar
Muḥyī ad-Dīn

Ibn ʿArabī
ابن عربي
Born28 July 1165
Died16 November 1240(1240-11-16) (aged 75)
EraMedieval philosophy
RegionMiddle Eastern philosophy
SchoolFounder of Akbariyya
Main interests
Arabic name
Personal (Ism)Muḥammad
Patronymic (Nasab)ibn ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿArabī
Teknonymic (Kunya)Abū ʿAbd Allāh
Epithet (Laqab)Ibn ʿArabī
Toponymic (Nisba)al-Ḥātimī aṭ-Ṭāʾī

His traditional titular is Muḥyīddīn (Arabic: محيي الدين; The Reviver of Religion).[5][6][7] After he died, and specifically among practitioners of Sufism, he was renowned by the honorific title Shaykh al-Akbar (Arabic: الشيخ الأكبر).[8] This, in turn, was the name from which the "Akbarian" school of Sufism derived its name, making him known as Doctor Maximus (The Greatest Teacher) in medieval Europe.[9] Ibn ʿArabī is considered as a saint by some scholars and Muslim communities.[10][11]

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