Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Ibrahim Mohamed Solih (Dhivehi: އިބްރާހީމް މުޙައްމަދު ޞާލިޙް) born 1 March 1962, better known as Ibu (އިބޫ), is a Maldivian politician who is the current President of the Maldives and assumed office on 17 November 2018.
Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
އިބްރާހީމް މުޙައްމަދު ޞާލި
|7th President of the Maldives|
|Assumed office |
17 November 2018
|Vice President||Faisal Naseem|
|Preceded by||Abdulla Yameen|
|Member of Parliament for Hinnavaru constituency|
28 May 2009 – 16 November 2018
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Succeeded by||Jeehan Mahmood|
|Member of Parliament for Lhaviyani Atoll constituency|
1994 – 27 May 2009
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
|Born||1 March 1962|
Hinnavaru Island, Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives
|Political party||Maldivian Democratic Party (after 2003)|
Solih was first elected to parliament in 1994, aged 30, as the MP from his home atoll of Faadhippolhu. Solih played a leading role in the formation of the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) and the Maldives Political Reform Movement from 2003 until 2008, which led to the country adopting a new modern constitution and multiparty democracy for the first time in its history. Solih was also a senior member of parliament and the Special Majlis. A founding member of the Maldivian Democratic Party, Solih was elected as President of Maldives on 23 September 2018 following the 2018 Maldives presidential election.
Early and personal life
Solih was born on Hinnavaru Island but moved to the Maldives' capital island of Malé at a young age for education, and he has been a resident since. He is one of 13 children. Solih completed his secondary education at Majeedhiyya School, Malé. During his school days, he was a popular student and took part in several school activities, which especially applied to sports. He is married to Fazna Ahmed and they have a daughter named Sarah and a son named Yaman.
Solih is one of the closest friends of former President Mohamed Nasheed, who is also the first cousin of Solih's wife Fazna. Solih and President Nasheed played an instrumental role in establishing multiparty democracy in the Maldives. Ibrahim Mohamed Solih has been a senior figure in the party and leads the first Parliamentary Group of the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) in 2009.
He has also served as the leader of the joint parliamentary group since the opposition coalition was formed in March 2017.
Solih was selected as the new presidential candidate for the coalition of opposition parties in the 2018 election, when former president Mohamed Nasheed, due to his prior conviction was not able to contest as a candidate for presidential election.
Solih went on to claim an upset victory over Yameen, winning the election with 58.4% of the vote and receiving nearly 38,500 votes more than his opponent. In the run-up to the election, many foreign observers had asserted that the election could be rigged in Yameen's favor and that he was thus likely to win a second term. However, when the counting of ballots was nearing completion on election night, President Yameen addressed the nation and conceded the election to Solih, this being a few hours after the latter had claimed victory and urged the president for a peaceful transition of power.
The main issue of the campaign has widely been recognized as the question of whether the Maldives should continue to pursue closer relations with the People's Republic of China, as it has done under the Yameen presidency, or whether it should instead turn to India and the countries of the Western world (especially the United States), which is a direction more favoured by the MDP-led opposition coalition.
Solih assumed office on 17 November 2018, when the five-year term of Abdulla Yameen expired. Solih became the 7th President of the Maldives and the country's third democratically elected president (following Mohamed Nasheed and Abdulla Yameen) since Nasheed unseated Maumoon Abdul Gayoom in the 2008 election, thus ending the latter's 30-year long, six-term incumbency. Solih is the first Maldivian president to be born in the country's northern atolls, as well as the second-oldest person to assume the presidency, at the age of 54 (with only Mohamed Waheed Hassan being older when taking office).
On 19 November, Solih announced that the Maldives is to return to the Commonwealth of Nations, a decision recommended by his Cabinet, considering that the Maldives was a Commonwealth republic from 1982 to 2016.
- Solih during his early school days at Majeediyya School
- Volleyball ball team of Majeediyya School - Solih is standing on the far left
- Solih on the campaign trail as the opposition's presidential candidate in 2018
- Jan 01, 0; 2019 14:15. "Social media frenzy: When is the President's birthday?". SunOnline International. Retrieved 1 January 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Who is Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, president-elect of the Maldives?". The Hindu. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- "The race of his life: An introduction to the Maldives' latest presidential hopeful". Maldivesindependent.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Ibrahim Mohamed Solih – Maldivian Democratic Party". Mdp.org.mv. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "People's Majlis – Chair announces Majority and Minority Leaders of the 18th People's Majlis". Majlis.gov.mv. Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Ayubowan Ibu! The new President of Maldives for a New Era in Democracy". YourTambapanni. 25 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.[permanent dead link]
- "The race of his life: An introduction to the Maldives' latest presidential hopeful". Maldives Independent. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- "Ibrahim Mohamed Solih". Maldivian Democratic Party. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- "Maldives opposition selects veteran Ibrahim Solih for Sept presidential poll". Reuters. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- "MP Ibu declared MDP's Presidential Candidate". En.mihaaru.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Maldives election: Opposition defeats China-backed Abdulla Yameen". BBC. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- "Maldives election: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih claims victory". BBC News. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- "Maldives to participate in the Commonwealth again". The Presidency. 19 November 2018.
| President of the Maldives