Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association


The Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association (Icelandic: Siðmennt, félag siðrænna húmanista á Íslandi) is a humanist lifestance organization in Iceland, that promotes secularism, offers celebrancy services and contributes to the spreading of humanism in Iceland and abroad. It is a member of the European Humanist Federation and Humanists International.

Siðmennt - Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association
Siðmennt, félag siðrænna húmanista á Íslandi
AbbreviationIEHA
FormationFounded February 15, 1990; 31 years ago (1990-02-15)
Legal statusRegistered lifestance organization in Iceland
PurposeHumanism, secularism, family ceremonies
President
Inga Straumland
Websitehttp://www.sidmennt.is

History


Siðmennt - the Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association (IEHA) was founded in February 1990, after running a successful civil confirmation program in the year before.[1] The organization was named Siðmennt, which is derived from the Icelandic words "sið-" meaning "ethical" or "tradition" and "-mennt" for "education". IEHA has ever since offered civil confirmation, mainly to 14 year old youth, and has grown steadily over the years. As of 2020, around 13% of 14 year old's in Iceland, choose civil confirmation over the more traditional Christian confirmations offered by the Church of Iceland.[2] In 2008, the organization started offering other secular ceremonies for the milestones in life; such as namegiving ceremonies, wedding ceremonies and funerals.[3]

In 2013, the laws surrounding religious organizations were changed in Iceland, to include non-religious lifestance organizations.[4] This was largely due to lobbyism on IEHA's behalf.[5] On May 3rd in the same year, IEHA became the first non-religious lifestance organization to gain full legal status by the Icelandic government, and was thus entitled to state funding, as well as other rights, equal to religious organizations in Iceland.[6]

Since acquiring legal status as a lifestance organization, IEHA has experienced rapid growth, from around 300 members in 2013,[6] to over 4000 at the end of year 2020.[7] Additionally, IEHA has experienced more growth in members, than any other secular or religious lifestance organization in Iceland in the resent years.[7]

Until 2015, IEHA operated largely at a voluntary base, with no formal headquarters nor full time staff. This changed in the aforementioned year, when it opened its first office in Reykjavík with full time employees.

Main areas of focus


IEHA has three main areas of concern:

  1. Humanism and ethics - Promotion of humanistic values and campaigning for human rights issues.
  2. Secularism - Fighting for a secular society with a religious freedom and freedom from religion.
  3. Family ceremonies – Secular namegivings, confirmations, weddings and funeral ceremonies conducted by trained humanist celebrants.

Humanist Awards


From 2005 IEHA has awarded individuals, informal groups or organizations with an annual Siðmennt Award of Humanism for outstanding work on improving human rights in Iceland. In 2008, another award was added; the Siðmennt Award for Education and Science. Recipients include the Red Cross of Iceland, Owl Fisher, Kitty Anderson, Jón Gnarr, Páll Óskar Hjálmtýsson, Hörður Torfason and the National queer organization of Iceland.[8]

Membership


As of 2020, IEHA is the 6th largest religious or secular lifestance organization in Iceland.[9]

IEHA membership as registered by Register Iceland (1 January)[10]
Year Population Members % ±
2014 325,671 612 0.19 0.00
2015 329,100 1,020 0.31 0.12
2016 332,529 1,456 0.44 0.13
2017 338,349 1,769 0.53 0.09
2018 348,580 2,329 0.67 0.14
2019 356,991 2,840 0.79 0.12
2020 364,185 3,509 0.96 0.17

References


  1. "Hvernig er borgaraleg ferming?". Vísindavefurinn (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  2. "Borgaraleg ferming Siðmenntar - Ævintýralegur vöxtur á örfáum árum! - Vísir". visir.is. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  3. "Siðmennt skráð fyrsta lífsskoðunarfélagið". www.stjornarradid.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  4. "108/1999: Lög um skráð trúfélög og lífsskoðunarfélög". Alþingi (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  5. A presentation on IEHA's targets for law amendment. http://sidmennt.is/wp-content/uploads/kynning.ppt
  6. "Siðmennt skráð fyrsta lífsskoðunarfélagið". www.stjornarradid.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  7. "Skráningar í trú- og lífsskoðunarfélög - desember 2020". www.skra.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  8. "Viðurkenningar Siðmenntar | Siðmennt" (in Icelandic). 2015-11-27. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  9. "Skráningar í trú- og lífsskoðunarfélög í janúar 2020". www.skra.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  10. "Populations by religious organisations 1998–2012". Reykjavík, Iceland: Statistics Iceland.