Romanian identity card
The Identity card (Romanian: Carte de identitate) is a Romanian personal identification document issued to every Romanian citizen at 14 years of age (it is compulsory at 14). The only exemption are Romanian citizens domiciled abroad. If they establish a temporary residence in Romania, then they may apply for a "Carte de identitate provizorie", which is valid for one year (renewable).
|Carte de identitate|
optional replacement for passport in the listed countries
|Purpose||proof of identity|
|Valid in|| EU and Europe (except Belarus, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine)|
French overseas territories
Greenland (de facto)
Montserrat (max. 14 days) in transit to a third country
|Eligibility||Romanian citizen over 14 years of age (mandatory), Proof of residence|
|Expiration||1 year, 5 years|
permanent after hitting the age of 55
The first identity cards were issued to Romanian citizens as a result of Decree No. 947 of 24.03.1921 which approved the Implementing Regulations of the Law nr.812 of 03.19.1915.
These documents were called bulletins registration office population and their contents match the information on your civil status, nickname, home address, occupation and semnalmentele holder (stature, hair, forehead, eyebrows, eyes, nose, mouth, chin, face, complexion special marks).
Although the regulation has established a pattern of ballot enrollment in public office, because they were made for each county, they were different in size, colour and sometimes even content.
Since 1949, which marked the establishment register in Romania, identity cards issued to Romanian citizens were printed uniquely throughout the country and called Identity bulletin (Romanian: Buletin de identitate).
These included fewer than the previous data about the holder, the holder's photograph and they apply is issued valid for 10 years. In time, identity card content has undergone some changes in that, since 1980 it could be entered two shelf life, by applying a second photo on the first closing date. In this way, Romanian citizen may be the same ID card holder for 20 years. At first, the identity card was made 8 file their number is reduced to 4 in 1990.
Law No.105 of 1996 on the population register and ID card, as amended and supplemented, created the legislative framework for a new ID i.e. identity card.
As a result, in June 1997 work began issuing the new format of identity card. The new identity document was designed and released into the computerised system is intended to facilitate a number of advantages for both the state and the citizen. The identity card is the document issued to Romanian citizen and proving identity, home address and, where appropriate, address of residence of the proprietor. This document is issued from the age of 14 years. The structures empowered to issue identity documents are public community services for People subordinated to local and county councils and the General Council of the municipality (and the local councils of Bucharest Municipality sectors). The old identity bulletins issued without expiry date to senior citizens remained valid (for use in Romania).
- Series and number of the ID card (changes every time the bearer changes the ID card)
- CNP (Romanian: Cod Numeric Personal; English: Personal Numerical Code) the same for every ID card of the individual (see below)
- Last name
- First name(s)
- Parent's first name(s) (usually, the mother's middle name (if any) is not displayed (but registered into the database), due to lack of space)
- (Since 2009 they replaced parent's first names with the citizenship.)
- Place of birth
- Issuing authority (mostly "SPCLEP <City>")
- Validity (issuing date (DD.MM.YY) and expiration date (DD.MM.YYY))
Also it has two rows of optical readable information, like the passports.
Series of the ID card
The series of the ID card are formed of two letters, representing the abbreviation of the county (but not always) (the abbreviation is sometimes the same as the license plate indicative) or of the county's seat that issued the document.
The card contains the individual's Cod Numeric Personal (CNP), or Personal Numeric Code, a unique identifying number. The CNP is unique for each person.
The CNP consist of 13 digits as follows:
- 1 digit for the sex of the Person. 1=Male & 2=Female born before 1999, 3 & 4 before 1899, 5 & 6 before 2099, 7 & 8 for foreign residents
- 6 digits for Date of birth YYMMDD
- 2 digits represents the place of birth (County)
- next 3 digits is a number between 001 and 999. Each number is allocated only once per person per day
- last digit is a control digit calculated from all the other 12 digits in the code as follows:
(n1*2+n2*7+n3*9+n4*1+n5*4+n6*6+n7*3+n8*5+n9*8+n10*2+n11*7+n12*9)%11 if the result is 10 then the digit is 1, otherwise is the result.
The CNP was established in 1978, through a decree signed by Nicolae Ceaușescu.
Since 2011, the Romanian Government tried implementing the more secure Electronic (Biometric) Identity Cards in line with the requirements of European Commission for general use, but the project fell short for a variety of reasons including privacy, religious freedom, cost and implementation strategy. In October 2019, the government rolled out an initiative for citizens to opt-in for an Electronic ID card with the aim of country-wide adoption by 2021. Cards from the non-electronic current model will continue to be valid until their designated expiry date.
Citizens who live abroad
Romanian citizens living abroad can apply for issuing first ID documents provided by law with diplomatic missions or consular offices in that State. The identity card shall be issued as follows:
- a) first identity card is issued to the age of 14;
- b) for persons aged 14–18 years the term of validity of the card is 4 years;
- c) for persons aged 18–25 years the term of validity of the card is 7 years;
- d) the cards issued after the age of 25 years are valid for 10 years.
After age 55, the identity card is issued permanently valid (by making the validity date in excess of 40 years).
The Identity card can be used instead of the Passport for travel in a number of countries, see list in the infobox.
- The Romanian identity card. This is the old model, when the country code was ROM and not ROU as in present.
- The Romanian identity card. This is the new model, with the country code ROU.
- The model issued starting with 2009, that specifies the Romanian nationality.
- The Romanian identity card. Issued in 2018, this model shows the new Romania's coat of arms with the crown on the eagle's head.
- National identity cards in the European Union
- Romanian nationality law
- Romanian passport
- Visa policy of Romania
- Visa requirements for Romanian citizens
- Jersey, States of. "Government of Jersey". gov.je.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Ballina - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo". www.mfa-ks.net.
- EU residents will need only ID to enter Macedonia
- "Dropbox - Error" (PDF). Dropbox. [dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (Romanian)
- "VISA Regulations".
- (in Romanian) Ștefan Borcea, ″Când a fost introdus Codul Numeric Personal şi la ce ne foloseşte″, Adevărul, 27 November 2016
- "Românii vor putea opta pentru cartea de identitate electronică". The Romanian Government. Retrieved 8 January 2020.