Iglesia ni Cristo

Iglesia ni Cristo[2] (Tagalog pronunciation: [ɪˈglɛ̝ʃɐ ni ˈkɾisto̞], abbreviated as INC; transl.Church of Christ; Spanish: Iglesia de Cristo) is an independent Nontrinitarian Christian church, founded and registered by Felix Y. Manalo in 1914 as a unipersonal religious corporation to the United States administration of the Philippines.[3]

Iglesia ni Cristo
Official seal
AbbreviationINC
ClassificationRestorationism
TheologyNontrinitarianism, Unitarianism
GovernanceCentral Administration
Executive MinisterEduardo V. Manalo
Region156 countries and territories
HeadquartersQuezon City, Philippines
FounderFelix Manalo[1]
OriginJuly 27, 1914; 107 years ago (1914-07-27) (date registered to the Philippine government)
Punta, Santa Ana, Manila, Philippine Islands
Congregationsapproximately 7,000
Members3 million (estimated worldwide)
HospitalsNew Era General Hospital
Aid organization
  • Felix Y. Manalo Foundation
  • UNLAD International
Tertiary institutions
Other name(s)Church of Christ
Official websiteiglesianicristo.net

INC describes itself to be the one true church and the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus, whereby all other Christian churches are apostate.[4][5] According to INC doctrine, the official registration of the church with the Philippine government on July 27, 1914, by Felix Y. Manalo—who is upheld by members to be the last messenger of God—was an act of divine providence and the fulfillment of biblical prophecy concerning the re-establishment of the original church of Christ in the Far East[6][7] concurrent with the coming of the seventh seal marking the end of days.[8][9]

By the time of Manalo's death in 1963, INC had become a nationwide church with 1,250 local chapels and 35 large concrete cathedrals.[10] As his successor, Manalo's son, Eraño G. Manalo, led a campaign to grow and internationalize the church until his death on August 31, 2009,[11] whereupon his son, Eduardo V. Manalo, likewise succeeded him as Executive Minister.[12] In 2015, the Philippine census by the Philippine Statistics Authority found that 2.64% of the population in the Philippines are affiliated with the Iglesia ni Cristo, making it the religion with the third largest number of adherents, with Islam at 6.01% and Catholicism at 78.65%.[13]


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