Illyricum (Roman province)

Illyricum /ɪˈlɪrɪkəm/ was a Roman province that existed from 27 BC to sometime during the reign of Vespasian (69–79 AD). The province comprised Illyria/Dalmatia and Pannonia. Illyria included the area along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea and its inland mountains. With the creation of this province it came to be called Dalmatia. It was in the south, while Pannonia was in the north. Illyria/Dalmatia stretched from the River Drin (in modern northern Albania) to Istria (Croatia) and the River Sava in the north. The area roughly corresponded to modern northern Albania, Serbia, Kosovo,[lower-alpha 1] Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and coastal Croatia. Pannonia was the plain which lies to its north, from the mountains of Illyria/Dalmatia to the westward bend of the River Danube, and included modern Vojvodina (in modern northern Serbia), northern Croatia and western Hungary. As the province developed, Salona (near modern Split, Croatia) became its capital.

Illyricum
ἐπαρχία Ιλλυρίας
Province of Roman Empire
27 BC–69/79 AD

Province of Illyricum
CapitalSalona
Historical eraAntiquity
 Established
27 BC
 Dissolved during the reign of Vespasian New provinces of Dalmatia and Pannonia created
69/79 AD
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Illyria
Dalmatia (Roman province)

Illyria stretched from Thessaloniki (Greece) to Istria (Dalmatia) and the Sava River in the north. The area roughly corresponded to the part or all of territories of today's Albania, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia.