Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or state in which residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over its territory. The opposite of independence is the status of a dependent territory.

Thirteen British colonies on the east coast of North America issued a Declaration of Independence in 1776
Chile, one of several Spanish territories in South America, issued a Declaration of independence in 1818
Pedro surrounded by a crowd in São Paulo after breaking the news of Brazil's independence on September 7, 1822.
The Finnish Senate of 1917, Prime Minister P. E. Svinhufvud in the head of table. The Senate declared Finland independent on December 4, 1917, and it was confirmed by parliament December 6, 1917[1] which became the Independence Day of Finland.