India and weapons of mass destruction

India has developed and possesses weapons of mass destruction in the form of nuclear weapons. Although India has not released any official statements about the size of its nuclear arsenal, recent estimates suggest that India has 160 nuclear weapons[1] and has produced enough weapons-grade plutonium for up to 161–200 nuclear weapons.[9] In 1999, India was estimated to have 800 kg of separated reactor-grade plutonium, with a total amount of 8,300 kg of civilian plutonium, enough for approximately 1,000 nuclear weapons.[10][11] India has conducted nuclear weapons tests in a pair of series namely Pokhran I and Pokhran II.[12]

India
Location of India
Nuclear programme
start date
1967
First nuclear
weapon test
18 May 1974 a
First fusion
weapon test
11 May 1998 b
Most recent test13 May 1998
Largest-yield test45 kt;
Scale down of 200 kt model c
Number of tests
to date
3 (6 Devices fired)
Peak stockpile160 warheads (2021 estimate)[1]
Current stockpile160 warheads (2021 estimate)[1]
Maximum missile
range
Agni-V -5500 to 8000 km
NPT PartyNo

India is a member of three multilateral export control regimes the Missile Technology Control Regime, Wassenaar Arrangement and Australia Group. It has signed and ratified the Biological Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention. India is also a subscribing state to the Hague Code of Conduct. India has signed neither the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty nor the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, considering both to be flawed and discriminatory.[13] India previously possessed chemical weapons, but voluntarily destroyed its entire stockpile in 2009 one of the seven countries to meet the OPCW extended deadline.[14]

India maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy and has developed a nuclear triad capability as a part of its "Minimum Credible Deterrence" doctrine.[15][16]


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