Indians are the nationals and citizens of India, the second most populous nation in the world, containing 17.50% of the world's population. In India, the term "Indian" refers to nationality, rather than a particular ethnicity or language; the Indian nationality consists of dozens of regional ethno-linguistic groups, reflecting the rich and complex history of the country. Due to emigration, the Indian diaspora is present throughout the world, notably in other parts of Asia, North America, Europe, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Africa. The demonym Indian applies to nationals of the present-day Republic of India, but also to people residing outside of India, who are called Overseas Indians; before the partition of India in 1947, the demonym applied to all nationals residing in the entirety of British India (including what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh).
|c. 1.21 billion|
2011 Census of India
c. 1.40 billion
c. 30.8 million
Population of Overseas Indians
|Regions with significant populations|
|United Arab Emirates||3,500,000|
|Trinidad and Tobago||470,376|
|Languages of India, including:|
|Related ethnic groups|
In Canada, the Caribbean, and the United States, the terms Asian Indian and East Indian are sometimes used to avoid confusion with First Nations in Canada, the indigenous people of the Caribbean, and Native Americans in the U.S., which are also commonly known as "Indian".