Indian people

Indians are the nationals and citizens of India, the second most populous nation in the world, containing 17.50% of the world's population. In India, the term "Indian" refers to nationality, rather than a particular ethnicity or language; the Indian nationality consists of dozens of regional ethno-linguistic groups, reflecting the rich and complex history of the country. Due to emigration, the Indian diaspora is present throughout the world, notably in other parts of Asia, North America, Europe, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Africa.[4] The demonym Indian applies to nationals of the present-day Republic of India, but also to people residing outside of India, who are called Overseas Indians; before the partition of India in 1947, the demonym applied to all nationals residing in the entirety of British India (including what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh).[25][26]

Total population
c.1.21 billion[1][2]
2011 Census of India
c.1.40 billion[3]
2017 estimate
c.30.8 million[4]
Population of Overseas Indians
Regions with significant populations
 Saudi Arabia4,100,000[5][6]
 United Arab Emirates3,500,000[7]
 United States3,456,477[8]
 United Kingdom1,451,862[10]
 South Africa1,274,867[12]
 Sri Lanka839,504[14]
 Trinidad and Tobago470,376[4]
 The Netherlands156,000[4]
 New Zealand155,178[21]
 Israel85,000 [22]
 Ireland20,000+ [24]
Languages of India, including:
Related ethnic groups
Indian diaspora

In Canada, the Caribbean, and the United States, the terms Asian Indian and East Indian are sometimes used to avoid confusion with First Nations in Canada, the indigenous people of the Caribbean, and Native Americans in the U.S., which are also commonly known as "Indian".