Indiana

Indiana (/ˌɪndiˈænə/ (listen)) is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. It is the 38th-largest by area and the 17th-most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th state on December 11, 1816. It is bordered by Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, the Ohio River and Kentucky to the south and southeast, and the Wabash River and Illinois to the west.

Indiana
State of Indiana
Nickname(s): 
The Hoosier State
Motto(s): 
Anthem: On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodIndiana Territory
Admitted to the UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
Capital
(and largest city)
Indianapolis
Largest metro and urban areasGreater Indianapolis
Government
  GovernorEric Holcomb (R)
  Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
  Upper houseIndiana Senate
  Lower houseIndiana House of Representatives
JudiciaryIndiana Supreme Court
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 7 Republicans
  • 2 Democrats
(list)
Area
  Total36,418 sq mi (94,321 km2)
  Land35,868 sq mi (92,897 km2)
  Water550 sq mi (1,424 km2)  1.5%
Area rank38th
Dimensions
  Length270 mi (435 km)
  Width140 mi (225 km)
Elevation
700 ft (210 m)
Highest elevation1,257 ft (383 m)
Lowest elevation
(Confluence of Ohio River and Wabash River[1][2])
320 ft (97 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total6,785,528[3]
  Rank17th
  Density183/sq mi (70.7/km2)
  Median household income
$54,181 (2,017)[4]
  Income rank
35th
Demonym(s)Hoosier
Language
  Official languageEnglish
Time zones
80 countiesUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
12 countiesUTC−06:00 (Central)
  Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
IN
ISO 3166 codeUS-IN
Traditional abbreviationInd.
Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
Websitewww.in.gov
Indiana state symbols
Living insignia
BirdCardinal
FlowerPeony
InsectSay's Firefly[5]
TreeTulip tree
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue and gold
FirearmGrouseland Rifle
FoodSugar cream pie
Poem"Indiana"
RockSalem Limestone
ShipUSS Indianapolis (4), USS Indiana (4)
SloganHonest to Goodness Indiana
SoilMiami
SportBasketball
OtherRiver: Wabash
State route marker
State quarter
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Various indigenous peoples inhabited Indiana for thousands of years, some of whom the U.S. government expelled between 1800 and 1836. Indiana received its name because the state was largely possessed by native tribes even after it was granted statehood. Since then, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Upland South, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.[6]

Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $377.1 billion in 2019.[7] It has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable competitive events, including the Indianapolis 500.