Indianapolis 500 Rookie of the Year


Winners of the Indianapolis 500 Rookie of the Year Award, first awarded in 1952. No official award was given from 1911–1951, even though at least one rookie starter has been present in every running of the Indianapolis 500. The award is voted on by a panel of judges, which is composed of selected members of the media, historians, and a handful of other experts. The voting takes place the night of the race (or the morning after), and does not necessarily go to the highest-finishing rookie. Noteworthy accomplishments during qualifying, regardless of the respective race result, have frequently been a factor in voting. A rookie who competitively runs up front during the race, passes many cars, and/or leads laps (but ultimately drops out) can also garner consideration over another rookie who finished higher, but did so merely by surviving attrition. Other contributing attributes can include personal attitude, sportsmanship, professionalism, and interaction with driver coaches, fans, and media. Years in which two drivers are listed indicate co-winners, due to a tie in the final voting.

Indianapolis 500 Rookie of the Year
Original Stark and Wetzel Rookie of the Year Award trophy on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum.
SportIndy Car Racing
CompetitionIndianapolis 500
DisciplineNTT IndyCar Series
Given forOutstanding performance by a rookie driver at the Indianapolis 500
History
First award1952
First winner Art Cross
Most recent Santino Ferrucci

The Indianapolis 500 rookie of the year award has been sponsored by the following companies:

This award is separate from the annual rookie of the year award presented by IndyCar, as well as the Jim Trueman Award (rookie of the year) which was handed out by CART. The current award is $25,000 cash and a plaque.[1] In the early years, when Stark & Wetzel sponsored the award, the prize package included $500 in cash, and a year's supply of meat.[2]

Definition of a "Rookie"


The term "rookie" (or newcomer) at the Indianapolis 500 can at times be misleading. According to race rules, a rookie is defined as any driver who has never qualified for the race and/or has never been on the track during the pace lap, and officially credited with a start. Several unique situations have created confusion, among the many include:

  • In 1911, the first Indianapolis 500, all 40 participants are considered rookies. However, 23 of the 40 starters had previously participated in early events at the Speedway in 1909 and 1910. Therefore, in the first 500, there were actually only seventeen complete newcomers to the Speedway. In addition, four other drivers who raced in the 500 in subsequent years, had previous experience at the Speedway in 1909 and 1910.[3] Inaugural 500 winner Ray Harroun had actually won a total of 7 races at the IMS through 1909 and 1910, including the 200 mile Wheeler-Schebler Trophy Race on Memorial Day Weekend in 1910.
  • In 1927, Louis Meyer did not qualify for the race, but served as a relief driver. He first qualified on his own in 1928, and was considered a rookie when he won that race.
  • Bill Puterbaugh had a notable streak of failing to qualify for the race six times from 1968–1974, before finally making the race for the first time in 1975. He was still scored a rookie for the 1975 race, and his 7th-place finish earned him the Rookie of the Year award.
  • "Uncle" Jacques Villeneuve qualified for the 1984 race, but crashed in practice. He was not cleared to drive, and was forced to withdraw, and not credited with a start. He returned in 1985, but a crash early in the month prevented him from making a qualifying attempt. In 1986, he qualified and started the race (his third year overall), where he was considered a rookie, and still eligible for the award (he did not win). Members of the media lightheartedly referred to him as "the veteran rookie."
  • Affonso Giaffone was a rookie when he first qualified for the 1997 race. As the safety car entered pit lane to start the race, the entire Row 5 where he was starting was involved in an incident in Turn 4 headed to the start, and never saw the green flag to take the start. All three drivers were credited with 0 laps, having taken the track for the pace lap, but not having taken the start. Had he returned in a subsequent year, despite never actually starting the race, he would not have been considered a rookie again.

The term "rookie" can also confuse spectators, as it suggests a young, inexperienced competitor. In reality, it can be a mis-nomer, since several experienced champions of other forms of motorsports have come to Indy and been ruled a rookie because of their first start in the 500 only. Formula One and Monster Energy NASCAR Cup champions were still scored as "rookies" in their first starts.

  • Graham Hill was considered a rookie winner when he won in his first start (1966). However, Hill had already won the 1962 World Championship going into the race.
  • In 1993, reigning Formula 1 World Champion Nigel Mansell left the international series to sign with the Newman-Haas race team for the entire CART season and the Indy 500. He contended for the win late in the race before finishing 3rd, and earned Rookie of the Year honors as perhaps the highest-profile "rookie" in the race's history.
  • In 2012, longtime Formula One veterans Rubens Barrichello and Jean Alesi were by rule, considered race "rookies." Barrichello won the Rookie of the Year award.
  • In the wake of the CART/IRL split in 1996, several drivers who first arrived at Indy in the early 2000s had been experienced fixtures of the CART circuit. Juan Pablo Montoya was the 1999 CART champion, but when he raced at Indy for the first time and won in 2000, he was still considered by definition, a "rookie." A similar situation occurred for Hélio Castroneves a year later. After experience in three seasons in the CART series, Castroneves attempted Indy for the first time in 2001. He won the 2001 race, also scored as a rookie. He would go on to win the 2002 race also, becoming the first driver to win the race in his first two starts.
  • After the Open-wheel unification in 2008, several former Champ Car drivers arrived at Indy for the first time. All were scored as rookies, despite several having multiple years of experience in major-league Open-wheel racing.
  • Despite his status as the 2007 INDYCAR Rookie of the Year, Ryan Hunter-Reay was declared a 2008 Indianapolis 500 rookie, because he had not started the race during his rookie season.
  • In the 2014 race, 2004 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Champion Kurt Busch was, by rule, considered a rookie.
  • The 2017 rookie of the year, Fernando Alonso was already a 2 time Formula One World Champion when he won the award.
  • 2019 NTT IndyCar Series rookie driver Patricio O'Ward failed to qualify for the 2019 race and is signed with McLaren Schmidt-Peterson for the 2020 NTT IndyCar Series season. He will be declared a race rookie for the 2020 race, must take the entire rookie test, and be eligible for the award.

Rookie of the Year award winners


Year Driver Start Qualifying Speed
(mph)
Finish Race details
1952 Art Cross20134.2885A total of 8 rookies qualified in 1952, the first instance which the Rookie of the year was to be given. Four rookies finished in the top 12, with Art Cross, Jimmy Bryan, and Jimmy Reece charging from 20th/21st/23rd starting positions to finish finishing 5th–6th-7th respectively. Cross was the highest finishing rookie, about 44 seconds ahead of Bryan.
1953 Jimmy Daywalt21135.7476Six rookies drove in the 1953 race, on a brutally hot afternoon. Daywalt went the entire 500 miles without relief help, and finished 6th. He was the highest finishing rookie, about two minutes ahead of Ernie McCoy.
1954 Larry Crockett25139.5579Crockett was the only rookie (out of 6) to go the full 500 miles, doing so without relief help.
1955 Al Herman16139.8117Only 2 of 8 rookies were running at the finish. Herman was the top-finishing rookie, and the only one to go the full 500 miles.
1956 Bob Veith23142.5357Veith was the top finishing rookie, and the only one to go the full 500 miles.
1957 Don Edmunds27140.44919None of the five rookies were running at the finish. Edmunds spun out after completing 170 laps. Fellow rookie Eddie Sachs qualified for the middle of the front row, but dropped out with a fuel leak on lap 105.
1958 George Amick25142.7102Amick led three times for 18 laps, and was the highest finishing rookie since the Rookie of the Year award started being given.
1959 Bobby Grim5144.22526Grim qualified 5th and won rookie of the year despite dropping out before the halfway point. Three others finished ahead of him.
1960 Jim Hurtubise23149.05618Hurtubise was the fastest overall qualifier in the field. On the second weekend of time trials, he set a four-lap track record at 149.056 mph.
1961 Bobby Marshman33144.2937Jones led two times for 27 laps. However, Marshman charged from last starting position to finish 7th, and for the first time, "co-winners" were awarded.
Parnelli Jones5146.08012
1962 Jim McElreath7149.0256Five rookies made the field, with McElreath starting 7th and finishing 6th, the best of all five. None of the other four rookies made it beyond the halfway point. Dan Gurney started 8th, but dropped out with a broken rear end.
1963 Jim Clark5149.7502Clark led 28 laps.
1964 Johnny White21150.8934A total of seven rookies made the field. Four were running at the finish, with White finishing 4th, and the only one to complete the full 200 laps. Rookie Dave MacDonald was fatally injured in the major crash with Eddie Sachs on lap 2, and fellow rookie Ronnie Duman became caught up in the accident as well.
1965 Mario Andretti4158.8493Andretti briefly sat on the pole position with a new track record qualifying speed at the time. Eventually his time was bested, and he started 4th on race day.
1966 Jackie Stewart11159.9726Stewart led 40 laps during the race, and had a lap lead on the field late in the race. On the 191st lap, he slowed due to low oil pressure, and parked the car. That handed the lead over to another rookie, Graham Hill, who led the final nine laps en route to victory. Even though Hill won the race as a rookie starter, Stewart's performance earned him enough votes to win the rookie of the year award.
1967 Denis Hulme24163.3764Two rookies were running at the finish, with Hulme charging from 24th starting position to finish 4th. Rookie Art Pollard started 13th, but managed only 8th on race day.
1968 Bill Vukovich II23163.5107Rookies Bill Vukovich II, Mike Mosley, and Sammy Sessions finished 7th–8th-9th, respectively. Vukovich, son of the 1953–1954 winner, completed 198 laps, and despite tangling with Mel Kenyon just after the halfway point, finished a lap ahead of Mosley and Sessions.
1969 Mark Donohue4168.9037Donohue (7th place) won the rookie of the year award, despite finishing ten laps behind fellow rookie Peter Revson (5th place). Voters took into account the fact that Donohue (who started 4th) had to make a lengthy pit stop early on, but his race pace was much faster. Revson, who started last, lost a cylinder, and due to the high attrition rate, was able to cruise around to a largely uncontested 5th-place finish.[4]
1970 Donnie Allison23165.6624Three of the four rookies were running at the end, with Donnie Allison (a NASCAR regular) charging from 23rd starting position to an impressive 4th-place finish.
1971 Denny Zimmerman28169.7558Zimmerman was the only rookie (out of 4) running at the finish.
1972 Mike Hiss25179.0157Out of 8 rookies, Sam Posey qualified 7th and finished 5th with 198 laps. But Hiss charged from 26th to 7th, completing 196 laps.
1973 Graham McRae13192.03116Three rookies made the field, with Bobby Allison the qualifying fastest (12th); but McRae was only one position slower than Allison (13th). Allison completed only one lap, while McRae was credited with 92 laps before dropping out with a broken header, but was by far the highest finishing rookie. Jerry Karl completed only 22 laps, but was still officially running at the finish, as his team made lengthy repairs to a mechanical issue.
1974 Pancho Carter21180.6057Only two rookies were running at the finish. Carter was 9 laps down in 7th, while Tom Bigelow finished 12th completing 166 laps. On lap 141, Carter spun in turn one and nearly took out race leader Johnny Rutherford. No cars made contact, and Carter continued undamaged.
1975 Bill Puterbaugh15183.8337Puterbaugh was the fastest rookie qualifier, and had tried for seven years to make the field.
1976 Vern Schuppan17182.01118Out of only four rookies, Schuppan started furthest up on the grid and finished the highest. He was 5 laps down in 18th pace when the race was called for rain on lap 102.
1977 Jerry Sneva16186.61610Of seven rookies in the field, Sneva (the brother of pole-sitter Tom Sneva) was the only one running at the finish, as well as the only one to make it beyond the halfway point.
1978 Larry Rice30187.39311Mears became the first rookie to qualify on the front row since Eddie Sachs in 1957. Rice charged from 30th starting position to finish 11th. Initial voting ended in a tie. At the victory banquet, it was discovered that two of the voters had split their votes. They could not decide whom to vote for, and put both Rice and Mears on their respective ballots. Officials requested that those two voters re-vote, and they both agreed. One voted for Rice, and the other voted for Mears, and a tie still prevailed. Officials decided to award co-winners.
Rick Mears3200.07823
1979 Howdy Holmes13185.8647Holmes was the only rookie that qualified for the field. Seven rookies entered the month and took rookie tests, and a total of four made qualifying attempts. Dana Carter was bumped; while the qualifying attempts of Dick Ferguson and Bill Alsup were disallowed due to rules infractions. That left Holmes the lone rookie, despite a special qualifying session the day before the race which gave participants one extra chance to make the field.
1980 Tim Richmond19188.3349Richmond, the fastest rookie qualifier, led one lap during the race. Richmond set the fastest practice lap of the month (193.507 mph), but a crash on pole day morning prevented him from qualifying during the pole round. Richmond ran out of fuel at the head of the mainstretch at the finish, and was credited with 9th position. Race winner Johnny Rutherford famously gave Richmond a ride back to the pit area. Richmond bested nine other rookies in the field – with three others finishing 10th, 11th, and 13th, respectively.
1981 Josele Garza6195.10123Garza led two times for 13 laps before crashing out of the race.
1982 Jim Hickman24196.2177Hickman was the highest finishing rookie at the finish. He died at Milwaukee about two months later.
1983 Teo Fabi1207.39526Fabi became the first rookie to win the pole position since the Rookie of the Year award had been given. He led the first 23 laps of the race. Fellow rookie Al Unser, Jr. finished in the top ten.
1984 Roberto Guerrero7205.7072Three rookies (Guerrero, Andretti, and Al Holbert) finished in the top five. Guerrero was the highest finishing rookie since 1966.
Michael Andretti4207.8055
1985 Arie Luyendyk20206.0047Two rookies (Luyendyk and Ed Pimm) finished in the top ten.
1986 Randy Lanier13209.96410Lanier, also the fastest rookie qualifier, was the only rookie out of four running at the finish.
1987 Fabrizio Barbazza17208.0383Three rookies (Barbazza, Stan Fox, and Jeff MacPherson) finished in the top ten, with Barbazza the highest at third, two laps down. Barbazza's day was not without incident, as he did a complete spin in the second half of the race, avoiding contact with the wall.
1988 Bill Vukovich III23208.54514Vukovich, the first third-generation starter, was the second-fastest rookie qualifier, and the only rookie (of 5) still running at the finish (albeit 21 laps down).
1989 Bernard Jourdain20213.1059Jourdain and Pruett had nearly identical months of May in terms of performance. They qualified close together, raced near each other all day, and finished together.
Scott Pruett17213.99510
1990 Eddie Cheever14217.9268Two out of the three rookies in the race were running at the finish, with Cheever qualifying fastest and finishing the highest.
1991 Jeff Andretti11217.63215Only one rookie was running at the finish, Hiro Matsushita, however, after repairs, he was running 51 laps behind. Jeff Andretti dropped out of the race, but was actually scored one place higher than Matsushita. Andretti had actually attempted to qualify for the race in 1990, but was bumped. Therefore, 1991 was his second overall attempt.
1992 Lyn St. James27220.15011St. James was the first female rookie of the year, and the only rookie out of six still running at the finish.
1993 Nigel Mansell8220.2553Mansell led three times for 34 laps, and was leading on a restart with 16 laps to go. He was passed on the restart, and fell to third, and despite brushing the wall a few laps later, held on to finish the race in third position.
1994 Jacques Villeneuve4226.2592Villeneuve qualified as the fastest rookie, led the race two times for 7 laps, and was the only other entrant to finish on the lead lap.
1995 Christian Fittipaldi27226.3752Fittipaldi finished second (the second year in a row a rookie finished 2nd). Two of the six rookies were eliminated in the crash on the first lap.
1996 Tony Stewart1233.10024Veteran Scott Brayton won the pole position and Stewart qualified second. Six days after pole day, Brayton was fatally injured during a practice crash. Brayton was replaced by driver Danny Ongais, and the car was required to start at the rear of the field. Stewart, who was second, was elevated to the pole position on race day. He led the first 31 laps of the race, and 44 overall before dropping out with engine trouble.
1997 Jeff Ward7214.5173Ward led two times for 49 laps, and led as late as lap 192 before ducking into the pits for fuel, and finishing third.
1998 Steve Knapp23216.4453Six out of the eight rookies were still running at the finish, with Knapp the lone rookie on the lead lap.
1999 Robby McGehee27220.1395Only four rookies qualified, and two dropped out. McGehee was just 1 lap down at the finish while John Hollansworth, Jr. was 8 laps down in 13th.
2000 Juan Pablo Montoya2223.3721Montoya was the first rookie winner since 1966, and the first race winner to actually be awarded the Rookie of the Year award in the same year.
2001 Hélio Castroneves11224.1421Castroneves was the second rookie in a row to win the race and the Rookie of the Year award together.
2002 Alex Barron26228.5804Scheckter led the most laps (85), and turned the fastest lap of the race. He, however, crashed out on lap 173 while leading the race. Barron was the only rookie out of nine to finish on the lead lap.
Tomas Scheckter10229.21026
2003 Tora Takagi7229.3585Takagi led two laps.
2004 Kosuke Matsuura9220.74011Matsuura was the fastest rookie qualifier, and the only rookie running on the lead lap when the race was officially called for rain after 180 laps (450 miles).
2005 Danica Patrick4227.0044During practice, Patrick ran the fastest practice lap of the month, and was a favorite for the front row. During her qualifying attempt, Patrick's car slipped in the first turn, and she settled for 4th starting position as the fastest rookie. Had she not slipped, she may have been fast enough to qualify for the pole position. On race day, she led three times for 19 laps. She was leading as late as 6 laps to go before finishing 4th.
2006 Marco Andretti9224.9182Marco Andretti, the fastest rookie qualifier, was leading the race with one lap to go. He was passed by Sam Hornish, Jr. on the mainstrech on the final lap, about 450 feet from the finish line, in the second-closest finish in Indy 500 history.
2007 Phil Giebler33219.63729Only two rookies qualified, the fewest since 1979. Giebler was chosen as the best newcomer for the month, as the fastest rookie qualifier and highest finishing rookie. This despite crashing during his first qualifying attempt, and again during the race on lap 106 while running 19th. The other rookie, Milka Duno, wrecked earlier in the race. Giebler's 29th place finishing position is the lowest ever for a rookie of the year selection.
2008 Ryan Hunter-Reay20221.5796Eleven rookies were part of the field, including several former Champ Car drivers following the open wheel unification. Hunter-Reay, the 2007 IndyCar Series rookie of the year, spent most of the day near the top ten, and was the highest running rookie at the finish, finishing one spot higher than the fastest rookie qualifier, Hideki Mutoh. Hunter-Reay was eligible for the award, despite being a second-year driver in the series, by virtue of the fact that he did not participate at Indy previously.
2009 Alex Tagliani33221.11511Tagliani was bumped from the field in the final minutes of Bump Day. A day later, his teammate Bruno Junqueira was removed from his ride, and Tagliani replaced him behind the wheel. Rules forced the car to start from the rear of the field. On race day, Tagliani charged quickly up the standings, and by the midpoint, was running 11th. After running as high as 10th, Tagliani was the highest finishing rookie. There was some mild controversy about voting for Tagliani due to the fact that he did not qualify, but he won the award nonetheless, and became the first driver to win the award despite not qualifying for the race.
2010 Simona de Silvestro22224.22814Six rookies qualified for the race, and four were running at the finish. Simona de Silvestro was one of two female rookies (Ana Beatriz was the other), and qualified in the top 24 cars on pole day. She officially finished one position lower than Mario Romancini, who was the fastest rookie qualifier (started 27th), and the highest finishing rookie (13th). de Silvestro became the third female to win the award.
2011 J. R. Hildebrand12225.5792After fuel strategies shuffled the leaders in the waning laps, Hildebrand took the lead with three laps to go, and appeared to be on his way to victory. On the final turn of the final lap, he was approaching the slower car of Charlie Kimball, got into the "marbles," and crashed into the outside wall. His car slid down the frontstretch, but in the final 1,000 feet, Dan Wheldon slipped by and took the checkered flag. Hildebrand's wrecked car coasted across the line to finish 2nd.
2012 Rubens Barrichello10224.26411Josef Newgarden was the fastest rookie qualifier, but Barrichello was the highest finishing rookie. He led two laps during the race.
2013 Carlos Muñoz2228.3422Muñoz, in his first IndyCar race, led the speed chart during practice twice, and qualified in the middle of the front row. On race day, he led 12 laps, and finished 2nd.
2014 Kurt Busch12230.7826A total of seven rookies qualified for the race. Busch, the 2004 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series champion made a highly publicized effort at Indianapolis, attempting "Double Duty." Busch was the fastest rookie qualifier, posting the 10th-fastest speed on the first day of time trials, then later qualifying for the 12th starting position. On race day, Busch did not lead any laps, but finished 6th on the lead lap. The next best rookie was Sage Karam, who charged from 31st to 9th. Karam received praise from some observers who thought he was more deserving of consideration.[5]
2015 Gabby Chaves26222.91616Only two rookies qualified for the race, Chaves and Stefano Coletti. Chaves started and finished higher, while Coletti crashed out. Chaves ran as high as 8th during one point in the race.
2016 Alexander Rossi11228.4731Rossi became the third rookie to win the race and the Rookie of the Year award together. He started the highest out of the 5 rookies in the field, and was the only one to lead laps (14) as well.
2017 Fernando Alonso
5
231.300 24 Two-time Formula 1 World Champion came to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in 2017 and qualified in the middle of the second row of the grid as the fastest rookie qualifier. He led 27 laps in the race before retiring due to an engine failure. Fellow rookie Ed Jones finished in 3rd position.
2018 Robert Wickens18226.2969Third Canadian rookie of the year, after Jacques Villeneuve and Alex Tagliani. Wickens was the slowest qualifying of the 4 rookies in the field, but was the highest finishing of the group.
2019 Santino Ferrucci
23
227.731 7 Ferrucci had the second fastest time in Carb Day practice, and was the only rookie (out of 6) to complete all 500 miles.

Drivers to win award and race (chronologically)


Driver Rookie of
the Year
Race
Victories
Parnelli Jones19611963
Jim Clark19631965
Mario Andretti19651969
Mark Donohue19691972
Rick Mears19781979, 1984, 1988, 1991
Arie Luyendyk19851990, 1997
Eddie Cheever19901998
Jacques Villeneuve19941995
Juan Pablo Montoya20002000, 2015
Hélio Castroneves20012001, 2002, 2009
Ryan Hunter-Reay20082014
Alexander Rossi20162016

Rookie winners


Officially ten drivers have won the Indianapolis 500 in their first attempt. In 1928, Louis Meyer won the race in his first start, but he had driven relief in the race a year earlier. In the first race in 1911, all drivers were considered "rookies," even though 23 of the 40 starters had previously driven in other races at the track in 1909–1910.

Fastest rookie qualifier


Since 1975, a separate award has been presented to the fastest rookie qualifier in the field. It has been sponsored by the American Dairy Association Indiana Inc. since its inception.[6] The award goes to the rookie who posts the fastest four-lap qualifying average during official time trials – regardless of overall starting position, and regardless of day in which the qualifying run was completed. The award is currently $5,000 cash and a plaque. It is presented at a luncheon a few days before the race.[7] Each other rookie in the field receives $250. The names of the winners are affixed to a permanent trophy on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum. Although rookies have qualified for every race dating back to 1911, this particular award has been officially recognized only since 1975.

In 2009, the award celebrated its 35th consecutive year of continuous sponsorship by the American Dairy Association Indiana Inc.. Under current rules imposed in 2010, with two-round qualifying in effect, the award is based on first-round qualifying speed only, discarding the second-round time. In 2012, Josef Newgarden became the first rookie to make the second round. Though by rule, his first round qualifying speed of 224.677 mph was erased at the start of the second round, it counted as his speed in regards to the Fastest Rookie Qualifier award.

Notes


Works cited

  • 2006 Indianapolis 500-Mile Race Program

References

  1. Kelly, Paul (2013-05-27). "Kanaan Earns $2.3 Million For Winning 97th Indianapolis 500". IndianapolisMotorSpeedway.com. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  2. Davidson, Donald (May 22, 1997). "Rookie of the year were once rewarded with $500 and a year's supply of meat". The Indianapolis Star. p. 44. Retrieved January 25, 2018 via Newspapers.com.
  3. Scott, D. Bruce (2005). Indy: Racing Before The 500 (First ed.). Indiana Reflections, LLC. p. 231. ISBN 0-9766149-0-1.
  4. The Talk of Gasoline AlleyWFNI, May 23, 2013
  5. DiZinno, Tony (May 27, 2014). "The 2014 Indy 500 rookie voting should have been fit to be tied". Motorsports Talk. NBC Sports. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  6. "Fastest Rookie". American Dairy Association Indiana, Inc. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  7. Kightlinger, Cathy (2013-05-21). "Indy 500 starter Carlos Munoz honored at Fastest Rookie of the Year lunch". IndyStar.com. Retrieved 2014-04-11.

See also