Indianapolis Motor Speedway

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is an automobile racing circuit located in Speedway, Indiana, an enclave suburb of Indianapolis, Indiana. It is the home of the Indianapolis 500 and the Verizon 200,[4] and formerly the home of the United States Grand Prix. It is located on the corner of 16th Street and Georgetown Road, approximately six miles (9.7 km) west of Downtown Indianapolis.

Indianapolis Motor Speedway
The "Brickyard"

Aerial photograph of Indianapolis Motor Speedway (2016).
LocationSpeedway, Indiana
Time zoneUTC−5 / −4 (DST)
Coordinates39°47′54″N 86°13′58″W
Capacity257,327 (permanent seats) – 400,000 grand total[1]
FIA Grade1 (F1)
2 (IndyCar)
OwnerPenske Entertainment Group (2020–present)
Hulman & Company (1945–2019)
Eddie Rickenbacker (1927–1945)
OperatorIMS, LLC (subsidiary of Penske Entertainment Group.)
Address4790 West 16th Street
Broke groundMarch 15, 1909; 114 years ago (March 15, 1909)
OpenedAugust 14, 1909; 113 years ago (August 14, 1909)
Construction costUS$3 million ($86 million 2021 dollars)
ArchitectCarl G. Fisher, James A. Allison, F. H. Wheeler, and Arthur C. Newby
Major eventsCurrent:

IndyCar Series
Indianapolis 500 (1911–present)
GMR Grand Prix (2014–present)
Gallagher Grand Prix (2020–present)
Intercontinental GT Challenge
Indianapolis 8 Hour (2020–present)
NASCAR Cup Series
Verizon 200 (2021–present)
Brickyard 400 (1994–2020)
NASCAR Xfinity Series
Pennzoil 150 (2012–present)
IMSA SportsCar Championship
IMSA Battle on the Bricks (2014, 2023)
Indy Lights
Freedom 100 (2003–2019)
Grand Prix of Indianapolis (2005–2007, 2014–2019, 2021–present)
Sportscar Vintage Racing Association
Indy Legends Charity Pro–Am race (2014–2019, 2022–present)
Trans-Am Series (2017–2019, 2023)
GT World Challenge America (2020–present)
Formula One
United States Grand Prix (2000–2007)
Indianapolis 500 (1950–1960)
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Indianapolis motorcycle Grand Prix (2008–2015)
Rolex Sports Car Series
Brickyard Grand Prix (2012–2013)
MotoAmerica Superbikes at the Brickyard (2015, 2020)
Ferrari Challenge North America (2000–2002, 2019–2022)
FIM eRoad Racing World Cup (2013)
Porsche Supercup (2000–2006)

International Race of Champions
IROC at Indy (1998–2003)
Rectangular Oval Track (1909–present)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.500 miles (4.023 km)
BankingTurns: 9.2°
Straights: 0°
Race lap record0:38.119 (United States Eddie Cheever, Lola T95/00, 1996, IndyCar)
Grand Prix Road Course (2014–present)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.439 miles (3.925 km)
Race lap record1:09.3888 (United States Josef Newgarden, Dallara DW12, 2017, IndyCar)
Modified Motorcycle Course (2014–present)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.591 miles (4.170 km)
Race lap record1:32.625 (Spain Marc Márquez, Honda RC213V, 2015, MotoGP)
SCCA Runoffs Road Course (2014–present)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.589 miles (4.166 km)
Race lap record1:34.089 (Italy Alessandro Pier Guidi, Ferrari 488 GT3 Evo 2020, 2021, GT3)
Original Motorcycle Course (2008–2013)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.621 miles (4.218 km)
Race lap record1:39.044 (Spain Marc Márquez, Honda RC213V, 2013, MotoGP)
Grand Prix Road Course (2008–2013)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.534 miles (4.078 km)
Race lap record1:22.191 (United States Scott Pruett, Riley Mk XXVI, 2013, DP)
Grand Prix Road Course (2000–2007)
SurfaceAsphalt and brick
Length2.605 miles (4.192 km)
Race lap record1:10.399 (Brazil Rubens Barrichello, Ferrari F2004, 2004, F1)
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway under construction
Indianapolis Motor Speedway is located in Indianapolis
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis Motor Speedway is located in Indiana
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis Motor Speedway is located in the United States
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Location4790 W. 16th St., Speedway, Indiana
ArchitectAndrews, Park Taliaferro
Architectural styleMotor racing circuit
NRHP reference No.75000044[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMarch 7, 1975
Designated NHLDFebruary 27, 1987[3]

Constructed in 1909, it is the second purpose-built, banked oval racing circuit after Brooklands and the first to be called a 'speedway'. It is the third-oldest permanent automobile race track in the world, behind Brooklands and the Milwaukee Mile. With a permanent seating capacity of 257,325,[1] it is the highest-capacity sports venue in the world.[5]

Considered relatively flat by American standards, the track is a 2.5-mile-long (4.0 km) rectangular oval with dimensions that have remained essentially unchanged since its construction. It has two 58-mile-long (1,000 m) straightaways, four geometrically identical 14-mile (400 m) turns, connected by two 18-mile (200 m) short straightaways, termed "short chutes", between turns 1 and 2, and between turns 3 and 4.

A modern, FIA Grade One infield road course was completed in 2000, incorporating part of the oval, including the main stretch and the southeast turn, measuring 2.605 mi (4.192 km). In 2008, and again in 2014, the road course layout was modified to accommodate motorcycle racing, as well as to improve competition. Altogether, the current grounds have expanded from an original 320 acres (1.3 km2) on which the speedway was first built to cover an area of over 559 acres (2.3 km2). Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987, it is the only such site to be affiliated with automotive racing history.

In addition to the Indianapolis 500, the speedway also hosts NASCAR's Verizon 200 and Pennzoil 150. From 2000 to 2007, the speedway hosted the Formula One United States Grand Prix, and from 2008 to 2015 the Moto GP.

On the grounds of the speedway is the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Museum, which opened in 1956, and houses the Hall of Fame. The museum moved into its current building located in the infield in 1976. Also on the grounds is the Brickyard Crossing Golf Resort, which originally opened as the Speedway Golf Course in 1929. The golf course has 14 holes outside the track, along the backstretch, and four holes in the infield. The site is among the most visited attractions in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, with 1 million guests annually.[6] The speedway has served as the venue for the opening ceremonies for the 1987 Pan American Games. The track is nicknamed "The Brickyard" (see below), and the garage area is known as Gasoline Alley.

On November 4, 2019, Hulman & Company announced the sale of its company, including the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the IndyCar Series and associated enterprises to Penske Corporation, owned by Roger Penske.[7]

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