Individualism

Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology and social outlook that emphasizes the intrinsic worth of the individual.[1][2] Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and to value independence and self-reliance[3] and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group[3] while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government.[3] Individualism is often defined in contrast to totalitarianism, collectivism and more corporate social forms.[4][5]

Individualism makes the individual its focus[1] and so starts "with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation".[6] Anarchism, existentialism, liberalism and libertarianism are examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis.[6] Individualism involves "the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization".[7]

Individualism has been used as a term denoting "[t]he quality of being an individual; individuality",[3] related to possessing "[a]n individual characteristic; a quirk".[3] Individualism is also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors[3][8] such as with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.[9][10]


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