Industrial and organizational psychology

Industrial and organizational psychology (I-O psychology) which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, or work and organizational psychology; is an applied subdiscipline within psychology. Industrial, work and organizational psychology (IWO) is the broader global term for the field internationally. As an applied subdiscipline, I-O psychologists are involved in both scientific research and practice. The field has a dual focus on employee efficency/job performance and on employee health/well-being[1]

The discipline is the science of human behavior relating to work. It applies psychological theories and principles to organizations and individuals within them, as well as the individuals' work-life interface.[2] Industrial and organizational psychologists are trained in the scientist–practitioner model. They contribute to an organization's success by improving the performance, motivation, job satisfaction, and occupational safety and health as well as the overall health and well-being of its employees. This includes the work–nonwork interface such as transitioning into a career, retirement and work-family conflict and balance. An I-O psychologist conducts research on employee behaviors and attitudes, and how these can be improved through hiring practices, training programs, feedback, and management systems.[3]

I-O psychology is one of the 17 recognized professional specialties by the American Psychological Association (APA).[4] It is represented by Division 14 of the APA and is formally known as the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). Similar I-O psychology societies can be found in many countries.