Isabella Clara Eugenia

Isabella Clara Eugenia (Spanish: Isabel Clara Eugenia; 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633), sometimes referred to as Clara Isabella Eugenia, was sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France with her husband, Archduke Albert VII of Austria. Their reign is considered the Golden Age of the Spanish Netherlands. Isabella was one of the most powerful women in 16th- and 17th-century Europe.

Isabella Clara Eugenia
Sovereign of the Netherlands
Duchess of Lothier, Brabant, Limburg, Luxemburg, and Guelders
Margravine of Namur
Countess Palatine of Burgundy
Countess of Flanders, Artois, and Hainaut
Reign6 May 1598 – 13 July 1621
PredecessorPhilip II
SuccessorPhilip IV
Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands
Reign13 July 1621 – 1 December 1633
PredecessorIndependent Sovereignty of the Netherlands
SuccessorFerdinand of Austria
Born12 August 1566
Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain
Died1 December 1633(1633-12-01) (aged 67)
Brussels, Brabant
(m. 1599; died 1621)
FatherPhilip II of Spain
MotherElisabeth of Valois
ReligionRoman Catholicism