Pentium 4

Pentium 4[1][2] is a series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers manufactured by Intel. The processors were shipped from November 20, 2000 until August 8, 2008.[3][4] The production of Netburst processors was active from 2000 until May 21, 2010.[5][4]

Pentium 4
Picture of Pentium 4
General information
LaunchedNovember 20, 2000; 21 years ago (November 20, 2000)
DiscontinuedAugust 8, 2008; 13 years ago (August 8, 2008)
Performance
Max. CPU clock rate1.3 GHz to 3.8 GHz
FSB speeds400 MT/s to 1066 MT/s
Architecture and classification
MicroarchitectureNetBurst
Instruction setx86 (i386), x86-64 (only some chips), MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3 (since Prescott).
Physical specifications
Transistors
  • 42M 180 nm
    55M 130 nm
    169M 130 nm (P4EE)
    125M 90 nm
    188M 65 nm
Socket(s)
History
PredecessorPentium III
Successor

All Pentium 4 CPUs are based on the NetBurst microarchitecture. The Pentium 4 Willamette (180 nm) introduced SSE2, while the Prescott (90 nm) introduced SSE3. Later versions introduced Hyper-Threading Technology (HTT).

The first Pentium 4-branded processor to implement 64-bit was the Prescott (90 nm) (February 2004), but this feature was not enabled. Intel subsequently began selling 64-bit Pentium 4s using the "E0" revision of the Prescotts, being sold on the OEM market as the Pentium 4, model F. The E0 revision also adds eXecute Disable (XD) (Intel's name for the NX bit) to Intel 64. Intel's official launch of Intel 64 (under the name EM64T at that time) in mainstream desktop processors was the N0 stepping Prescott-2M.

Intel also marketed a version of their low-end Celeron processors based on the NetBurst microarchitecture (often referred to as Celeron 4), and a high-end derivative, Xeon, intended for multi-socket servers and workstations. In 2005, the Pentium 4 was complemented by the dual-core-brands Pentium D and Pentium Extreme Edition.


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