International Civilian Representative for Kosovo


The International Civilian Representative for Kosovo[a] (ICR), supported by the International Civilian Office (ICO), was the European Union Special Representative (EUSR) for Kosovo (appointed by the Council of the European Union) which was re-appointed by the International Steering Group for Kosovo as the ICR pursuant to the Ahtisaari Plan.[1] The ICR was the "final authority in Kosovo regarding interpretation" of the Plan, and could, in principle, annul decisions or laws adopted by Kosovo authorities or sanction public officials who strayed from the Plan.[2][3] The ICR reported to the International Steering Group for Kosovo (ISG).[4]

The logo of the office

Following the publication of the draft status proposal in 2006, an International Civilian Office preparation team has been set up in Pristina. The 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence declared to accept the obligations contained in the Ahtisaari Plan, welcoming its framework.[5]

In September 2012, international supervision ended,[6] and Kosovo became responsible for its own governance.[7]

Preparation team leaders


  • Torbjorn Sohlstrom (2006-2007)
  • Jonas Jonsson (2007-2008)

International Civilian Representative


EU Special Representative


See also


Notes


a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 96 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References


  1. Letter dated 26 March 2007 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council, Addendum, Comprehensive Proposal for the Kosovo Status Settlement (PDF), United Nations Security Council, 26 March 2007, article 12.1, archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2009, An International Steering Group (ISG) comprising key international stakeholders shall appoint an International Civilian Representative (ICR), and will seek United Nations Security Council endorsement of the appointment. The ICR and the European Union Special Representative (EUSR), appointed by the Council of the European Union, shall be the same person.
  2. Letter dated 26 March 2007 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council, Addendum, Comprehensive Proposal for the Kosovo Status Settlement (PDF), United Nations Security Council, 26 March 2007, article 12.3, archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2009
  3. Letter dated 26 March 2007 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council (PDF), United Nations Security Council, 26 March 2007, para. 11 of Annex
  4. Kosovo Under UNSCR 1244/99 2008 Progress Report (PDF), European Commission, November 5, 2008, p. 7
  5. Individual members of the Assembly of Kosovo (17 February 2008), 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, 3. We accept fully the obligations for Kosovo contained in the Ahtisaari Plan, and welcome the framework it proposes to guide Kosovo in the years ahead.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  6. "Ending of supervised independence 10 September 2012". International Civilian Office. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  7. "Sixteenth and final meeting of the International Steering Group for Kosovo" (PDF). International Civilian Office. 10 September 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2012-09-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "European Union - EEAS (European External Action Service) - EU Special Representatives".
  10. "Choose a language".
  11. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1450574473758&uri=CELEX:32015D2052