International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal seated in The Hague, Netherlands. It is the first and only permanent international court with jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.
This article has an unclear citation style. (March 2023)
|Seat||The Hague, Netherlands|
|Luz del Carmen Ibáñez Carranza|
|Antoine Kesia-Mbe Mindua|
|Karim Ahmad Khan|
• Rome Statute adopted
|17 July 1998|
• Entered into force
|1 July 2002|
It is distinct from the International Court of Justice, an organ of the United Nations that hears disputes between states. While considered by many as a major step toward justice, and an innovation in international law and human rights, the ICC has faced a number of criticisms from governments and civil society, including objections to its jurisdiction, accusations of bias, Eurocentrism and racism, questioning of the fairness of its case selection and trial procedures, and doubts about its effectiveness.
The African Union has encouraged African states to not work alongside the ICC. These leaders and political bodies said that "the ICC is acting as a neo-colonial force seeking to further empower Western political and extractive interests in Africa."[better source needed]