International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt)[2] is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal seated in The Hague, Netherlands. It is the first and only permanent international court with jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

International Criminal Court
Cour pénale internationale (French)
المحكمة الجنائية الدولية (Arabic)
国际刑事法院 (Chinese)
Международный уголовный суд (Russian)
Corte Penal Internacional (Spanish)
Official logo of International Criminal CourtCour pénale internationale (French)المحكمة الجنائية الدولية (Arabic)国际刑事法院 (Chinese)Международный уголовный суд (Russian) Corte Penal Internacional (Spanish)
Official logo
Parties and signatories of the Rome Statute
  State party
  Signatory that has not ratified
  State party that subsequently withdrew its membership
  Signatory that subsequently withdrew its signature
  Not a state party, not a signatory
SeatThe Hague, Netherlands
Working languages
Official languages[1]
Member states123
Piotr Hofmański
Luz del Carmen Ibáñez Carranza
Antoine Kesia-Mbe Mindua
Karim Ahmad Khan
Peter Lewis
 Rome Statute adopted
17 July 1998
 Entered into force
1 July 2002

It is distinct from the International Court of Justice, an organ of the United Nations that hears disputes between states. While considered by many as a major step toward justice,[3] and an innovation in international law and human rights,[4] the ICC has faced a number of criticisms from governments and civil society, including objections to its jurisdiction, accusations of bias, Eurocentrism and racism,[5] questioning of the fairness of its case selection and trial procedures, and doubts about its effectiveness.

The African Union has encouraged African states to not work alongside the ICC. These leaders and political bodies said that "the ICC is acting as a neo-colonial force seeking to further empower Western political and extractive interests in Africa."[6][better source needed]

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